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  1. null (Ed.)
    Bifurcations in dynamical systems characterize qualitative changes in the system behavior. Therefore, their detection is important because they can signal the transition from normal system operation to imminent failure. In an experimental setting, this transition could lead to incorrect data or damage to the entire experiment. While standard persistent homology has been used in this setting, it usually requires analyzing a collection of persistence diagrams, which in turn drives up the computational cost considerably. Using zigzag persistence, we can capture topological changes in the state space of the dynamical system in only one persistence diagram. Here, we present Bifurcations using ZigZag (BuZZ), a one-step method to study and detect bifurcations using zigzag persistence. The BuZZ method is successfully able to detect this type of behavior in two synthetic examples as well as an example dynamical system. 
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  2. Digital images enable quantitative analysis of material properties at micro and macro length scales, but choosing an appropriate resolution when acquiring the image is challenging. A high resolution means longer image acquisition and larger data requirements for a given sample, but if the resolution is too low, significant information may be lost. This paper studies the impact of changes in resolution on persistent homology, a tool from topological data analysis that provides a signature of structure in an image across all length scales. Given prior information about a function, the geometry of an object, or its density distribution at a given resolution, we provide methods to select the coarsest resolution yielding results within an acceptable tolerance. We present numerical case studies for an illustrative synthetic example and samples from porous materials where the theoretical bounds are unknown. 
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  3. As the field of Topological Data Analysis continues to show success in theory and in applications, there has been increasing interest in using tools from this field with methods for machine learning. Using persistent homology, specifically persistence diagrams, as inputs to machine learning techniques requires some mathematical creativity. The space of persistence diagrams does not have the desirable properties for machine learning, thus methods such as kernel methods and vectorization methods have been developed. One such featurization of persistence diagrams by Perea, Munch and Khasawneh uses continuous, compactly supported functions, referred to as "template functions," which results in a stable vector representation of the persistence diagram. In this paper, we provide a method of adaptively partitioning persistence diagrams to improve these featurizations based on localized information in the diagrams. Additionally, we provide a framework to adaptively select parameters required for the template functions in order to best utilize the partitioning method. We present results for application to example data sets comparing classification results between template function featurizations with and without partitioning, in addition to other methods from the literature. 
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  4. Chatter detection has become a prominent subject of interest due to its effect on cutting tool life, surface finish and spindle of machine tool. Most of the existing methods in chatter detection literature are based on signal processing and signal decomposition. In this study, we use topological features of data simulating cutting tool vibrations, combined with four supervised machine learning algorithms to diagnose chatter in the milling process. Persistence diagrams, a method of representing topological features, are not easily used in the context of machine learning, so they must be transformed into a form that is more amenable. Specifically, we will focus on two different methods for featurizing persistence diagrams, Carlsson coordinates and template functions. In this paper, we provide classification results for simulated data from various cutting configurations, including upmilling and downmilling, in addition to the same data with some added noise. Our results show that Carlsson Coordinates and Template Functions yield accuracies as high as 96% and 95%, respectively. We also provide evidence that these topological methods are noise robust descriptors for chatter detection. 
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