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  1. Refractory high entropy alloys (RHEAs) have gained significant attention in recent years as potential replacements for Ni-based superalloys in gas turbine applications. Improving their properties, such as their high-temperature yield strength, is crucial to their success. Unfortunately, exploring this vast chemical space using exclusively experimental approaches is impractical due to the considerable cost of the synthesis, processing, and testing of candidate alloys, particularly at operation-relevant temperatures. On the other hand, the lack of reasonably accurate predictive property models, especially for high-temperature properties, makes traditional Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) methods inadequate. In this paper, we address this challenge by combining machine-learning models, easy-to-implement physics-based models, and inexpensive proxy experimental data to develop robust and fast-acting models using the concept of Bayesian updating. The framework combines data from one of the most comprehensive databases on RHEAs (Borg et al., 2020) with one of the most widely used physics-based strength models for BCC-based RHEAs (Maresca and Curtin, 2020) into a compact predictive model that is significantly more accurate than the state-of-the-art. This model is cross-validated, tested for physics-informed extrapolation, and rigorously benchmarked against standard Gaussian process regressors (GPRs) in a toy Bayesian optimization problem. Such a model can be used as a tool within ICME frameworks to screen for RHEAs with superior high-temperature properties. The code associated with this work is available at: 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
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  4. Abstract

    The design of alloys for use in gas turbine engine blades is a complex task that involves balancing multiple objectives and constraints. Candidate alloys must be ductile at room temperature and retain their yield strength at high temperatures, as well as possess low density, high thermal conductivity, narrow solidification range, high solidus temperature, and a small linear thermal expansion coefficient. Traditional Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) methods are not sufficient for exploring combinatorially-vast alloy design spaces, optimizing for multiple objectives, nor ensuring that multiple constraints are met. In this work, we propose an approach for solving a constrained multi-objective materials design problem over a large composition space, specifically focusing on the Mo-Nb-Ti-V-W system as a representative Multi-Principal Element Alloy (MPEA) for potential use in next-generation gas turbine blades. Our approach is able to learn and adapt to unknown constraints in the design space, making decisions about the best course of action at each stage of the process. As a result, we identify 21 Pareto-optimal alloys that satisfy all constraints. Our proposed framework is significantly more efficient and faster than a brute force approach.

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