skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Wang, Haiyan"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  4. While prior studies have designed incentive mechanisms to attract the public to share their collected data, they tend to ignore information asymmetry between data requesters and collectors. In reality, the sensing costs information (time cost, battery drainage, bandwidth occupation of mobile devices, and so on) is the private information of collectors, which is unknown by the data requester. In this article, we model the strategic interactions between health-data requester and collectors using a bilevel optimization model. Considering that the crowdsensing market is open and the participants are equal, we propose a Walrasian equilibrium-based pricing mechanism to coordinate the interest conflicts between health-data requesters and collectors. Specifically, based on the exchange economic theory, we transform the bilevel optimization problem into a social welfare maximization problem with the constraint condition that the balance between supply and demand, and dual decomposition is then employed to divide the social welfare maximization problem into a set of subproblems that can be solved by health-data requesters and collectors. We prove that the optimal task price is equal to the marginal utility generated by the collector's health data. To avoid obtaining the collector's private information, a distributed iterative algorithm is then designed to obtain the optimal taskmore »pricing strategy. Furthermore, we conduct computational experiments to evaluate the performance of the proposed pricing mechanism and analyze the effects of intrinsic rewards, sensing costs on optimal task prices, and collectors' health-data supplies.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 11, 2023
  5. Multiferroic materials are an interesting functional material family combining two ferroic orderings, e.g. , ferroelectric and ferromagnetic orderings, or ferroelectric and antiferromagnetic orderings, and find various device applications, such as spintronics, multiferroic tunnel junctions, etc. Coupling multiferroic materials with plasmonic nanostructures offers great potential for optical-based switching in these devices. Here, we report a novel nanocomposite system consisting of layered Bi 1.25 AlMnO 3.25 (BAMO) as a multiferroic matrix and well dispersed plasmonic Au nanoparticles (NPs) and demonstrate that the Au nanoparticle morphology and the nanocomposite properties can be effectively tuned. Specifically, the Au particle size can be tuned from 6.82 nm to 31.59 nm and the 6.82 nm one presents the optimum ferroelectric and ferromagnetic properties and plasmonic properties. Besides the room temperature multiferroic properties, the BAMO-Au nanocomposite system presents other unique functionalities including localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR), hyperbolicity in the visible region, and magneto-optical coupling, which can all be effectively tailored through morphology tuning. This study demonstrates the feasibility of coupling single phase multiferroic oxides with plasmonic metals for complex nanocomposite designs towards optically switchable spintronics and other memory devices.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 15, 2023
  6. Abstract

    Multiferroic materials have generated great interest due to their potential as functional device materials. Nanocomposites have been increasingly used to design and generate new functionalities by pairing dissimilar ferroic materials, though the combination often introduces new complexity and challenges unforeseeable in single-phase counterparts. The recently developed approaches to fabricate 3D super-nanocomposites (3D‐sNC) open new avenues to control and enhance functional properties. In this work, we develop a new 3D‐sNC with CoFe2O4(CFO) short nanopillar arrays embedded in BaTiO3(BTO) film matrix via microstructure engineering by alternatively depositing BTO:CFO vertically-aligned nanocomposite layers and single-phase BTO layers. This microstructure engineering method allows encapsulating the relative conducting CFO phase by the insulating BTO phase, which suppress the leakage current and enhance the polarization. Our results demonstrate that microstructure engineering in 3D‐sNC offers a new bottom–up method of fabricating advanced nanostructures with a wide range of possible configurations for applications where the functional properties need to be systematically modified.

  7. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 3, 2023
  8. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 27, 2023
  9. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
  10. We report the dielectric Properties of HfO 2 -based films in the optical–high frequency range. The demonstrated tunability of the optical dielectric constant of HfO 2 -based compounds is of great relevance for optoelectronic applications, e.g., high-refractive index dielectrics for nanoantenna and optical coatings for electronic displays. Since the optical dielectric constant of HfO 2 is determined by the electronic structure and its crystal environment, we tune the physical properties of HfO 2 films on MgO by adding different dopants. In this work, we aim to determine the influence of doping together with the resulting crystal structure on the optical dielectric constant. Hence, we studied 20 mol. % Y-doped HfO 2 (HYO), Hf 0.5 Zr 0.5 O 2 (HZO), and Hf 0.5 Ce 0.5 O 2 (HCO). Among the dopants, Y 2 O 3 has the lowest, ZrO 2 an intermediate, and CeO 2 the highest real part of the optical dielectric constant. The optical dielectric constant is found to be lowest in the cubic HYO films. An intermediate dielectric constant is found in HZO films that is predominantly in the monoclinic phase, but additionally hosts the cubic phase. The highest dielectric constant is observed in HCO films that are predominantlymore »in the cubic phase with inclusions of the monoclinic phase. The observed trend is in good agreement with the dominant role of the dopant type in setting the optical dielectric constant.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023