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  1. Gardas, Ramesh L. (Ed.)
    The solvation structure and transport properties of Li+ in ionic liquid (IL) electrolytes based on n-methyl-n-butylpyrrolidinium cyano(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [PYR14][CTFSI] and [Li][CTFSI] (0 ≤ xLi ≤ 0.7) were studied by Raman and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) diffusometry, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. At xLi < 0.3, Li+ coordination is dominated by the cyano group. As xLi is increased, free cyano-sites become limited, resulting in increased coordination via the sulfonyl group. The 1:1 mixture of the symmetric anions bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide ([TFSI]) and dicyanamide ([DCA]) results in similar physical properties as the IL with [CTFSI]. However, anion asymmetry is shown to increase Li-salt solubility andmore »promote Li+ transference. The lifetimes of Li+-cyano coordination for [CTFSI] are calculated to be shorter than those for [DCA], indicating that the competition from the sulfonyl group weakens its solvation with Li+. This resulted in higher Li+ transference for the electrolyte with [CTFSI]. In relation to the utility of these electrolytes in energy storage, the Li–LiFePO4 half cells assembled with IL electrolyte (xLi = 0.3, 0.5, and 0.7) demonstrated a nominal capacity of 140 mAh/g at 0.1C rate and 90 °C where the cell with xLi = 0.7 IL electrolyte demonstrated 61% capacity retention after 100 cycles and superior rate capability owing to increased electrochemical stability.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023
  3. Development of highly stretchable and sensitive soft strain sensors is of great importance for broad applications in artificial intelligence, wearable devices, and soft robotics, but it proved to be a profound challenge to integrate the two seemingly opposite properties of high stretchability and sensitivity into a single material. Herein, we designed and synthesized a new fully polymeric conductive hydrogel with an interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) structure made of conductive PEDOT:PSS polymers and zwitterionic poly(HEAA- co -SBAA) polymers to achieve a combination of high mechanical, biocompatible, and sensing properties. The presence of hydrogen bonding, electrostatic interactions, and IPN structures enabled poly(HEAA-more »co -SBAA)/PEDOT:PSS hydrogels to achieve an ultra-high stretchability of 4000–5000%, a tensile strength of ∼0.5 MPa, a rapid mechanical recovery of 70–80% within 5 min, fast self-healing in 3 min, and a strong surface adhesion of ∼1700 J m −2 on different hard and soft substrates. Moreover, the integration of zwitterionic polySBAA and conductive PEDOT:PSS facilitated charge transfer via optimal conductive pathways. Due to the unique combination of superior stretchable, self-adhesive, and conductive properties, the hydrogels were further designed into strain sensors with high sensing stability and robustness for rapidly and accurately detecting subtle strain- and pressure-induced deformation and human motions. Moreover, an in-house mechanosensing platform provides a new tool to real-time explore the changes and relationship between network structures, tensile stress, and electronic resistance. This new fully polymeric hydrogel strain sensor, without any conductive fillers, holds great promise for broad human-machine interface applications.« less
  4. Abstract

    This paper addresses the transition from the normal to the superfluid state in strongly correlated two dimensional fermionic superconductors and Fermi gases. We arrive at the Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless (BKT) temperatureTBKTas a function ofattractivepairing strength by associating it with the onset of ‘quasi-condensation’ in the normal phase. Our approach builds on a criterion for determining the BKT transition temperature for atomic gases which is based on a well established quantum Monte Carlo analysis of the phase space density. This latter quantity, when derived from BCS–BEC crossover theory for fermions, leads to non-monotonic behavior forTBKTas a function of the attractive interaction ormore »inverse scattering length. In Fermi gases, this implies a robust superconducting dome followed by a long tail from the flat BEC asymptote, rather similar to what is observed experimentally. For lattice systems we find thatTBKThas an absolute maximum of the order of 0.1EF. We discuss how our results compare with those derived from the Nelson–Kosterlitz criterion based on the mean field superfluid density and the approach to the transition from below. While there is agreement in the strict mean-field BCS regime at weak coupling, we find that at moderate pairing strength bosonic excitations cause a substantial increase inTBKTfollowed by an often dramatic decrease before the system enters the BEC regime.

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