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Creators/Authors contains: "Wang, Yiwei"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 25, 2024
  2. As humans and robots start to collaborate in close proximity, robots are tasked to perceive, comprehend, and anticipate human partners' actions, which demands a predictive model to describe how humans collaborate with each other in joint actions. Previous studies either simplify the collaborative task as an optimal control problem between two agents or do not consider the learning process of humans during repeated interaction. This idyllic representation is thus not able to model human rationality and the learning process. In this paper, a bounded-rational and game-theoretical human cooperative model is developed to describe the cooperative behaviors of the human dyad. An experiment of a joint object pushing collaborative task was conducted with 30 human subjects using haptic interfaces in a virtual environment. The proposed model uses inverse optimal control (IOC) to model the reward parameters in the collaborative task. The collected data verified the accuracy of the predicted human trajectory generated from the bounded rational model excels the one with a fully rational model. We further provide insight from the conducted experiments about the effects of leadership on the performance of human collaboration. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 23, 2023
  3. In this paper, we summarize some recent advances related to the energetic variational approach (EnVarA), a general variational framework of building thermodynamically consistent models for complex fluids, by some examples. Particular focus will be placed on how to model systems involving chemo-mechanical couplings and non-isothermal effects. 
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  4. Entity types and textual context are essential properties for sentence-level relation extraction (RE). Existing work only encodes these properties within individual instances, which limits the performance of RE given the insufficient features in a single sentence. In contrast, we model these properties from the whole dataset and use the dataset-level information to enrich the semantics of every instance. We propose the GraphCache (Graph Neural Network as Caching) module, that propagates the features across sentences to learn better representations for RE. GraphCache aggregates the features from sentences in the whole dataset to learn global representations of properties, and use them to augment the local features within individual sentences. The global property features act as dataset-level prior knowledge for RE, and a complement to the sentence-level features. Inspired by the classical caching technique in computer systems, we develop GraphCache to update the property representations in an online manner. Overall, GraphCache yields significant effectiveness gains on RE and enables efficient message passing across all sentences in the dataset. 
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  5. We study dangling-aware entity alignment in knowledge graphs (KGs), which is an underexplored but important problem. As different KGs are naturally constructed by different sets of entities, a KG commonly contains some dangling entities that cannot find counterparts in other KGs. Therefore, dangling-aware entity alignment is more realistic than the conventional entity alignment where prior studies simply ignore dangling entities. We propose a framework using mixed high-order proximities on dangling-aware entity alignment. Our framework utilizes both the local high-order proximity in a nearest neighbor subgraph and the global high-order proximity in an embedding space for both dangling detection and entity alignment. Extensive experiments with two evaluation settings shows that our method more precisely detects dangling entities, and better aligns matchable entities. Further investigations demonstrate that our framework can mitigate the hubness problem on dangling-aware entity alignment. 
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  6. Recent literature focuses on utilizing the entity information in the sentence-level relation extraction (RE), but this risks leaking superficial and spurious clues of relations. As a result, RE still suffers from unintended entity bias, i.e., the spurious correlation between entity mentions (names) and relations. Entity bias can mislead the RE models to extract the relations that do not exist in the text. To combat this issue, some previous work masks the entity mentions to prevent the RE models from over-fitting entity mentions. However, this strategy degrades the RE performance because it loses the semantic information of entities. In this paper, we propose the CoRE (Counterfactual Analysis based Relation Extraction) debiasing method that guides the RE models to focus on the main effects of textual context without losing the entity information. We first construct a causal graph for RE, which models the dependencies between variables in RE models. Then, we propose to conduct counterfactual analysis on our causal graph to distill and mitigate the entity bias, that captures the causal effects of specific entity mentions in each instance. Note that our CoRE method is model-agnostic to debias existing RE systems during inference without changing their training processes. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that our CoRE yields significant gains on both effectiveness and generalization for RE. The source code is provided at: 
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