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  1. null (Ed.)
    This work focuses on the development of nanoparticle-based layer-by-layer (LbL) coatings for enhancing the detection sensitivity and selectivity of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) using on-chip mid-infrared (MIR) waveguides (WGs). First, we demonstrate construction of conformal coatings of polymer/mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) on the surface of Si-based WGs using the LbL technique and evaluate the coating deposition conditions, such as pH and substrate withdrawal speed, on the thickness and homogeneity of the assemblies. We then use the modified WGs to achieve enhanced sensitivity and selectivity of polar organic compounds, such as ethanol, versus non-polar ones, such as methane, in the MIR region. In addition, using density functional theory calculations, we show that such an improvement in sensing performance is achieved due to preferential adsorption of ethanol molecules within MSNs in the vicinity of the WG evanescent field. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    Functionalization of optical waveguides with submicron coatings of zinc peroxide (ZnO 2 ) and silica (SiO 2 ) nanoparticles (NPs) is reported that enabled selective concentration of acetone vapors in the vicinity of the waveguide, boosting the sensitivity of a mid infrared (MIR) on-chip detector. Controlled thickness was achieved by introducing precise control of the substrate withdrawal speed to the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition technique. 
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