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  1. Floquet state spectroscopy is an optical analogue of multiple quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance (MQC-NMR). Tunable ultrafast excitation pulses resonantly excite multiple states in a sample to form the Floquet state. The Floquet state emits multiple coherent beams at frequencies and in directions that conserve energy and momenta. The different output beams differ in the time ordering and coherences created by the excitation beams. They correspond to the different methodologies in the NMR family. Isolating a specific beam and monitoring the output intensity as a function of excitation frequencies creates multidimensional spectra containing cross-peaks between coupled states. The frequency range of the multidimensional spectra is limited by phase matching constraints. This paper presents a new, to the best of our knowledge, active phase matching strategy that increases the versatility of multidimensional Floquet state spectroscopy through both longer sample path lengths and larger spectral ranges.

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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 10, 2024
  3. By using tunable lasers to entangle rotational, vibrational, and electronic states, researchers are learning more about molecules and their properties than from previous methods. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 23, 2024
  6. Amorphous magnetic alloys with large perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) have emerged as a suitable material choice for spintronic memory and high-frequency non-reciprocal devices on-chip. Unlike ferromagnets, ferrimagnets offer faster switching dynamics, lower net saturation magnetization, minimal stray field and a lower net angular momentum. Ferrimagnetic thin films of Gd x Co 1− x sputter deposited as heterostructures of Ta/Pt/Gd x Co 1− x (t)/Pt on Si/SiO 2 have bulk-like PMA for thicknesses of 5–12 nm and room-temperature magnetic compensation for x = 28–32%. Preferential oxygenation of GdCo has been found to increase the effective anisotropy energy density by an order of magnitude and produce near-ideal remanence ratios. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy accurately quantifies the metal-oxidation ratio, which shows that an oxygen-rich and Co-deficient stoichiometry (Gd 21 Co 28 O 51 ) likely weakens the ferromagnetic exchange interaction between Co–Co and contributes additional antiferromagnetic exchange through superexchange-like interactions between Gd and Co via O, resulting in a stronger out-of-plane magnetization. Even greater PMA and giant-anisotropy field of 11 kOe are achieved in super-lattices of the Gd 21 Co 28 O 51 heterostructure. The combination of ferrimagnetic ordering in amorphous Gd x Co 1− x and its affordance of pathways for engineering large PMA will enable the design of integrated high-frequency devices beyond 30 GHz and ultrafast energy efficient memory devices with switching speeds down to tens of picoseconds. 
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  7. Modern instrumentation development often involves the incorporation of many dissimilar hardware peripherals into a single unified instrument. The increasing availability of modular hardware has brought greater instrument complexity to small research groups. This complexity stretches the capability of traditional, monolithic orchestration software. In many cases, a lack of software flexibility leads creative researchers to feel frustrated, unable to perform experiments they envision. Herein, we describe Yet Another acQuisition (yaq), a software project defining a new standardized way of communicating with diverse hardware peripherals. yaq encourages a highly modular approach to experimental software development that is well suited to address the experimental flexibility needs of complex instruments. yaq is designed to overcome hardware communication barriers that challenge typical experimental software. A large number of hardware peripherals are already supported, with tooling available to expand support. The yaq standard enables collaboration among multiple research groups, increasing code quality while lowering development effort. 
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