skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Wu, Ye"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 9, 2024
  2. The development of multifunctional nanomaterials has received growing research interest, thanks to its ability to combine multiple properties for severing highly demanding purposes. In this work, holmium oxide nanoparticles are synthesized and characterized by various tools including XRD, XPS, and TEM. These nanoparticles are found to emit near-infrared fluorescence (800–1100 nm) under a 785 nm excitation source. Imaging of the animal tissues was demonstrated, and the maximum imaging depth was found to be 2.2 cm. The synthesized nanoparticles also show the capability of facilitating dye (fluorescein sodium salt and rhodamine 6G) degradation under white light irradiation. The synthesized holmium oxide nanoparticles are envisioned to be useful for near-infrared tissue imaging and dye-degradation. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract

    Knowledge of the sound velocity of core materials is essential to explain the observed anomalously low shear wave velocity (VS) and high Poisson’s ratio (σ) in the solid inner core. To date, neitherVSnorσof Fe and Fe-Si alloy have been measured under core conditions. Here, we presentVSandσderived from direct measurements of the compressional wave velocity, bulk sound velocity, and density of Fe and Fe-8.6 wt%Si up to ~230 GPa and ~5400 K. The new data show that neither the effect of temperature nor incorporation of Si would be sufficient to explain the observed lowVSand highσof the inner core. A possible solution would add carbon (C) into the solid inner core that could further decreaseVSand increaseσ. However, the physical property-based Fe-Si-C core models seemingly conflict with the partitioning behavior of Si and C between liquid and solid Fe.

    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
  5. Abstract. During the COVID-19 lockdown, the dramatic reduction of anthropogenicemissions provided a unique opportunity to investigate the effects ofreduced anthropogenic activity and primary emissions on atmospheric chemicalprocesses and the consequent formation of secondary pollutants. Here, weutilize comprehensive observations to examine the response of atmosphericnew particle formation (NPF) to the changes in the atmospheric chemicalcocktail. We find that the main clustering process was unaffected by thedrastically reduced traffic emissions, and the formation rate of 1.5 nmparticles remained unaltered. However, particle survival probability wasenhanced due to an increased particle growth rate (GR) during the lockdownperiod, explaining the enhanced NPF activity in earlier studies. For GR at1.5–3 nm, sulfuric acid (SA) was the main contributor at high temperatures,whilst there were unaccounted contributing vapors at low temperatures. ForGR at 3–7 and 7–15 nm, oxygenated organic molecules (OOMs) played amajor role. Surprisingly, OOM composition and volatility were insensitive tothe large change of atmospheric NOx concentration; instead theassociated high particle growth rates and high OOM concentration during thelockdown period were mostly caused by the enhanced atmospheric oxidativecapacity. Overall, our findings suggest a limited role of traffic emissionsin NPF. 
    more » « less
  6. Abstract

    Black phosphorus (BP) has recently attracted significant attention due to its exceptional physical properties. Currently, high‐quality few‐layer and thin‐film BP are produced primarily by mechanical exfoliation, limiting their potential in future applications. Here, the synthesis of highly crystalline thin‐film BP on 5 mm sapphire substrates by conversion from red to black phosphorus at 700 °C and 1.5 GPa is demonstrated. The synthesized ≈50 nm thick BP thin films are polycrystalline with a crystal domain size ranging from 40 to 70 µm long, as indicated by Raman mapping and infrared extinction spectroscopy. At room temperature, field‐effect mobility of the synthesized BP thin film is found to be around 160 cm2V−1s−1along armchair direction and reaches up to about 200 cm2V−1s−1at around 90 K. Moreover, red phosphorus (RP) covered by exfoliated hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) before conversion shows atomically sharp hBN/BP interface and perfectly layered BP after the conversion. This demonstration represents a critical step toward the future realization of large scale, high‐quality BP devices and circuits.

    more » « less