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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
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  5. Knowledge graph question answering aims to identify answers of the query according to the facts in the knowledge graph. In the vast majority of the existing works, the input queries are considered perfect and can precisely express the user’s query intention. However, in reality, input queries might be ambiguous and elusive which only contain a limited amount of information. Directly answering these ambiguous queries may yield unwanted answers and deteriorate user experience. In this paper, we propose PReFNet which focuses on answering ambiguous queries with pseudo relevance feedback on knowledge graphs. In order to leverage the hidden (pseudo) relevance information existed in the results that are initially returned from a given query, PReFNet treats the top-k returned candidate answers as a set of most relevant answers, and uses variational Bayesian inference to infer user’s query intention. To boost the quality of the inferred queries, a neighborhood embedding based VGAE model is used to prune inferior inferred queries. The inferred high quality queries will be returned to the users to help them search with ease. Moreover, all the high-quality candidate nodes will be re-ranked according to the inferred queries. The experiment results show that our proposed method can recommend high-quality query graphs to users and improve the question answering accuracy. 
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  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  7. There has been a long-standing interest in computing diverse solutions to optimization problems. In 1995 J. Krarup [28] posed the problem of finding k-edge disjoint Hamiltonian Circuits of minimum total weight, called the peripatetic salesman problem (PSP). Since then researchers have investigated the complexity of finding diverse solutions to spanning trees, paths, vertex covers, matchings, and more. Unlike the PSP that has a constraint on the total weight of the solutions, recent work has involved finding diverse solutions that are all optimal. However, sometimes the space of exact solutions may be too small to achieve sufficient diversity. Motivated by this, we initiate the study of obtaining sufficiently-diverse, yet approximately-optimal solutions to optimization problems. Formally, given an integer k, an approximation factor c, and an instance I of an optimization problem, we aim to obtain a set of k solutions to I that a) are all c approximately-optimal for I and b) maximize the diversity of the k solutions. Finding such solutions, therefore, requires a better understanding of the global landscape of the optimization function. Given a metric on the space of solutions, and the diversity measure as the sum of pairwise distances between solutions, we first provide a general reduction to an associated budget-constrained optimization (BCO) problem, where one objective function is to optimized subject to a bound on the second objective function. We then prove that bi-approximations to the BCO can be used to give bi-approximations to the diverse approximately optimal solutions problem. As applications of our result, we present polynomial time approximation algorithms for several problems such as diverse c-approximate maximum matchings, shortest paths, global min-cut, and minimum weight bases of a matroid. The last result gives us diverse c-approximate minimum spanning trees, advancing a step towards achieving diverse c-approximate TSP tours. We also explore the connection to the field of multiobjective optimization and show that the class of problems to which our result applies includes those for which the associated DUALRESTRICT problem defined by Papadimitriou and Yannakakis [35], and recently explored by Herzel et al. [26] can be solved in polynomial ti 
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