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  1. Abstract

    Irradiation increases the yield stress and embrittles light water reactor (LWR) pressure vessel steels. In this study, we demonstrate some of the potential benefits and risks of using machine learning models to predict irradiation hardening extrapolated to low flux, high fluence, extended life conditions. The machine learning training data included the Irradiation Variable for lower flux irradiations up to an intermediate fluence, plus the Belgian Reactor 2 and Advanced Test Reactor 1 for very high flux irradiations, up to very high fluence. Notably, the machine learning model predictions for the high fluence, intermediate flux Advanced Test Reactor 2 irradiations are superior to extrapolations of existing hardening models. The successful extrapolations showed that machine learning models are capable of capturing key intermediate flux effects at high fluence. Similar approaches, applied to expanded databases, could be used to predict hardening in LWRs under life-extension conditions.

  2. Abstract—The emergence of remote sensing technologies cou- pled with local monitoring workstations enables us the un- precedented ability to monitor the environment in large scale. Information mining from multi-channel geo-spatiotemporal data however poses great challenges to many computational sustainability applications. Most existing approaches adopt various dimensionality reduction techniques without fully taking advantage of the spatiotemporal nature of the data. In addition, the lack of labeled training data raises another challenge for modeling such data. In this work, we propose a novel semi-supervised attention-based deep representation model that learns context-aware spatiotemporal representations for prediction tasks. A combination of convolutional neural networks with a hybrid attention mechanism is adopted to extract spatial and temporal variations in the geo-spatiotemporal data. Recognizing the importance of capturing more complete temporal dependencies, we propose the hybrid attention mechanism which integrates a learnable global query into the classic self-attention mechanism. To overcome the data scarcity issue, sampled spatial and temporal context that naturally reside in the largely-available unlabeled geo-spatiotemporal data are exploited to aid meaningful representation learning. We conduct experiments on a large-scale real-world crop yield prediction task. The results show that our methods significantly outperforms existing state-of-the-art yield prediction methods, especially under the stress of trainingmore »data scarcity.« less