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  1. The previously unexplored noncovalent binding of the highly toxic tetrafluoroberyllate anion (BeF42–) and its extraction from water into organic solvents are presented. Nanojars resemble anion-binding proteins in that they also possess an inner anion binding pocket lined by a multitude of H-bond donors (OH groups), which wrap around the incarcerated anion and completely isolate it from the surrounding medium. The BeF4-binding propensity of [BeF4⊂{CuII(OH)(pz)}n]2– (pz = pyrazolate; n = 27–32) nanojars of different sizes is investigated using an array of techniques including mass spectrometry, paramagnetic 1H, 9Be, and 19F NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography, along with thermal stability studies in solution and chemical stability studies toward acidity and Ba2+ ions. The latter is found to be unable to precipitate the insoluble BaBeF4 from nanojar solutions, indicating a very strong binding of the BeF42– anion by nanojars. 9Be and 19F NMR spectroscopy allows for the unprecedented direct probing of the incarcerated anion in a nanojar and, along with 1H NMR studies, reveals the fluxional structure of nanojars and their inner anion-binding pockets. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction provides the crystal and molecular structures of (Bu4N)2[BeF4⊂{Cu(OH)(pz)}32], which contains a novel Cux-ring combination (x = 9 + 14 + 9), (Bu4N)2[BeF4⊂{Cu(OH)(pz)}8+14+9], and (Bu4N)2[BeF4⊂{Cu(OH)(pz)}6+12+10] and offersmore »detailed structural parameters related to the supramolecular binding of BeF42– in these nanojars. The extraction of BeF42– from water into organic solvents, including the highly hydrophobic solvent n-heptane, demonstrates that nanojars are efficient binding and extracting agents not only for oxoanions but also for fluoroanions.« less
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  4. The title chlorin, 2 Ph H 2 , hydrogen-bonded to dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), C 44 H 32 N 4 O 2 ·C 7 H 10 N 2 , and its corresponding zinc(II) complex, 2 Ph Zn , axially coordinated to ethylenediamine (EDA), [Zn(C 44 H 30 N 4 O 2 )]·C 2 H 8 N 2 , were isolated and crystallized by adventitious reduction of the corresponding osmate esters by DMAP and EDA, respectively. Known since 1996 and, inter alia , used for the preparation of a wide range of (planar and non-planar) chlorin analogues (so-called pyrrole-modified porphyrins), their conformational analyses in the solid state are important benchmarks. Both macrocycles are only modestly distorted from planarity and both are slightly more non-planar than the corresponding dimethoxy-derivative, but less planar than a free-base meso -pentafluorophenyl-based osmate ester. NSD analyses provide quantitative and qualitative analyses of the distortion modes. One origin of the non-planarity is presumably the avoidance of the eclipsed configuration of the two vic–cis diols on the pyrroline moiety; the resulting deformation of the pyrroline translates in some cases into the macrocycle. The structure of 2 Ph H 2 features voids making up ca 26% of the unit-cell volume filled withmore »highly disordered solvate molecules (chloroform and hexanes). 2 Ph Zn crystallized with a 13.6 (4)% occupied solvate methanol molecule.« less
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  5. Bis(benzene-1,2-diolato-κ 2 O , O ′)bis(dimethyl sulfoxide-κ O )titanium(IV), [Ti(C 6 H 4 O 2 ) 2 (C 2 H 6 OS) 2 ], crystallizes with two crystallographically independent molecules in the space group P 2 1 / c emulating orthorhombic Pbca symmetry (β = 90.0445 (9)°]. The two molecules are related by pseudo-glide symmetry, broken by modulation of each one catecholate and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) ligand. Twinning by pseudomerohedry was observed [twin ratio 0.5499 (7):0.4401 (7)]. Complex 3 was obtained by heating of diprotonated titanium tris-catecholate precursor 2 H in DMSO, by formal displacement of a catechol molecule by two DMSO molecules. Complex 3 is just the second heteroleptic, mono-nuclear, neutral bis-catecholate complex with TiO 6 metal coordination, the only other one being its bis-DMF analogue 6 . The two molecules of 3 exhibit a distorted octahedral geometry. The geometry and distortions from ideal symmetry of 3 are discussed and compared to 6 and to cationic tris-catecholate titanium complexes.
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