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Creators/Authors contains: "Zha, Hongyuan"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2023
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  4. We consider a regression problem, where the correspondence between the input and output data is not available. Such shuffled data are commonly observed in many real world problems. Take flow cytometry as an example: the measuring instruments are unable to preserve the correspondence between the samples and the measurements. Due to the combinatorial nature of the problem, most of the existing methods are only applicable when the sample size is small, and are limited to linear regression models. To overcome such bottlenecks, we propose a new computational framework --- ROBOT --- for the shuffled regression problem, which is applicable tomore »large data and complex models. Specifically, we propose to formulate regression without correspondence as a continuous optimization problem. Then by exploiting the interaction between the regression model and the data correspondence, we propose to develop a hypergradient approach based on differentiable programming techniques. Such a hypergradient approach essentially views the data correspondence as an operator of the regression model, and therefore it allows us to find a better descent direction for the model parameters by differentiating through the data correspondence. ROBOT is quite general, and can be further extended to an inexact correspondence setting, where the input and output data are not necessarily exactly aligned. Thorough numerical experiments show that ROBOT achieves better performance than existing methods in both linear and nonlinear regression tasks, including real-world applications such as flow cytometry and multi-object tracking.« less
  5. Many Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) methods leverage gradient information of the potential function of target distribution to explore sample space efficiently. However, computing gradients can often be computationally expensive for large scale applications, such as those in contemporary machine learning. Stochastic Gradient (SG-)MCMC methods approximate gradients by stochastic ones, commonly via uniformly subsampled data points, and achieve improved computational efficiency, however at the price of introducing sampling error. We propose a non-uniform subsampling scheme to improve the sampling accuracy. The proposed exponentially weighted stochastic gradient (EWSG) is designed so that a non-uniform-SG-MCMC method mimics the statistical behavior ofmore »a batch-gradient-MCMC method, and hence the inaccuracy due to SG approximation is reduced. EWSG differs from classical variance reduction (VR) techniques as it focuses on the entire distribution instead of just the variance; nevertheless, its reduced local variance is also proved. EWSG can also be viewed as an extension of the importance sampling idea, successful for stochastic-gradient-based optimizations, to sampling tasks. In our practical implementation of EWSG, the non-uniform subsampling is performed efficiently via a Metropolis-Hastings chain on the data index, which is coupled to the MCMC algorithm. Numerical experiments are provided, not only to demonstrate EWSG's effectiveness, but also to guide hyperparameter choices, and validate our non-asymptotic global error bound despite of approximations in the implementation. Notably, while statistical accuracy is improved, convergence speed can be comparable to the uniform version, which renders EWSG a practical alternative to VR (but EWSG and VR can be combined too).

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  6. Larochelle, H. ; Ranzato, M. ; Hadsell, R. ; Balcan, M. F. ; Lin, H. (Ed.)
    We propose a novel learning framework based on neural mean-field dynamics for inference and estimation problems of diffusion on networks. Our new framework is derived from the Mori-Zwanzig formalism to obtain an exact evolution of the node infection probabilities, which renders a delay differential equation with memory integral approximated by learnable time convolution operators, resulting in a highly structured and interpretable RNN. Directly using cascade data, our framework can jointly learn the structure of the diffusion network and the evolution of infection probabilities, which are cornerstone to important downstream applications such as influence maximization. Connections between parameter learning and optimalmore »control are also established. Empirical study shows that our approach is versatile and robust to variations of the underlying diffusion network models, and significantly outperform existing approaches in accuracy and efficiency on both synthetic and real-world data.« less