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  1. Summary

    Water scarcity, resulting from climate change, poses a significant threat to ecosystems.Syntrichia ruralis, a dryland desiccation‐tolerant moss, provides valuable insights into survival of water‐limited conditions.

    We sequenced the genome ofS. ruralis, conducted transcriptomic analyses, and performed comparative genomic and transcriptomic analyses with existing genomes and transcriptomes, including with the close relativeS. caninervis. We took a genetic approach to characterize the role of anS. ruralistranscription factor, identified in transcriptomic analyses, inArabidopsis thaliana.

    The genome was assembled into 12 chromosomes encompassing 21 169 protein‐coding genes. Comparative analysis revealed copy number and transcript abundance differences in known desiccation‐associated gene families, and highlighted genome‐level variation among species that may reflect adaptation to different habitats. A significant number of abscisic acid (ABA)‐responsive genes were found to be negatively regulated by a MYB transcription factor (MYB55) that was upstream of theS. ruralisortholog of ABA‐insensitive 3 (ABI3). We determined that this conserved MYB transcription factor, uncharacterized inArabidopsis, acts as a negative regulator of an ABA‐dependent stress response inArabidopsis.

    The new genomic resources from this emerging model moss offer novel insights into how plants regulate their responses to water deprivation.

     
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  2. Abstract

    Inorganic perovskite solar cells (IPSCs) have gained significant attention due to their excellent thermal stability and suitable band gap (~1.7 eV) for tandem solar cell applications. However, the defect‐induced non‐radiative recombination losses, low charge extraction efficiency, energy level mismatches, and so on render the fabrication of high‐efficiency inverted IPSCs remains challenging. Here, the use of 3‐amino‐5‐bromopyridine‐2‐formamide (ABF) in methanol was dynamically spin‐coated on the surface of CsPbI2.85Br0.15film, which facilitates the limited etching of defect‐rich subsurface layer, resulting in the formation of vertical PbI2nanosheet structures. This enabled localized contacts between the perovskite film and the electron transport layer, suppress the recombination of electron‐hole and beneficial to electron extraction. Additionally, the C=O and C=N groups in ABF effectively passivated the undercoordinated Pb2+at grain boundaries and on the surface of CsPbI2.85Br0.15film. Eventually, we achieved a champion efficiency of 20.80 % (certified efficiency of 20.02 %) for inverted IPSCs with enhanced stability, which is the highest value ever reported to date. Furthermore, we successfully prepared p‐i‐n type monolithic inorganic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells (IPSTSCs) with an efficiency of 26.26 %. This strategy provided both fast extraction and efficient passivation at the electron‐selective interface.

     
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