skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Zheng, Ding"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    The catalytic oxidative dehydrogenation of propane (ODHP) is a challenging reaction due to facile competing overoxidation to COx. The gaseous disulfur molecule, S2, is isoelectronic with O2and has been shown to act as an alternative, “soft oxidant” for the analogous process (SODHP) over bulk metal sulfide catalysts. However, these bulk catalysts suffer from low surface areas and ill‐defined active sites – issues that might be addressed with a supported catalyst. Here we investigate supported V/Al2O3materials for SODHP. We show that these catalysts are highly selective for propylene, far surpassing the yields of the prior bulk systems. Isolated sulfided vanadium species are found to be more active and selective than crystalline vanadium sulfide. Additionally, we compare the S2and O2oxidants over sulfided and calcined V/Al2O3materials, respectively, and find that the propylene selectivity is enhanced using S2as the oxidant. These results suggest that sulfur is a promising soft oxidant that can be used to achieve high propylene selectivities over supported metal sulfides.

    more » « less
  3. The rational creation of two-component conjugated polymer systems with high levels of phase purity in each component is challenging but crucial for realizing printed soft-matter electronics. Here, we report a mixed-flow microfluidic printing (MFMP) approach for two-componentπ-polymer systems that significantly elevates phase purity in bulk-heterojunction solar cells and thin-film transistors. MFMP integrates laminar and extensional flows using a specially microstructured shear blade, designed with fluid flow simulation tools to tune the flow patterns and induce shear, stretch, and pushout effects. This optimizes polymer conformation and semiconducting blend order as assessed by atomic force microscopy (AFM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS), resonant soft X-ray scattering (R-SoXS), photovoltaic response, and field effect mobility. For printed all-polymer (poly[(5,6-difluoro-2-octyl-2H-benzotriazole-4,7-diyl)-2,5-thiophenediyl[4,8-bis[5-(2-hexyldecyl)-2-thienyl]benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene-2,6-diyl]-2,5-thiophenediyl]) [J51]:(poly{[N,N′-bis(2-octyldodecyl)naphthalene-1,4,5,8-bis(dicarboximide)-2,6-diyl]-alt-5,5′-(2,2′-bithiophene)}) [N2200]) solar cells, this approach enhances short-circuit currents and fill factors, with power conversion efficiency increasing from 5.20% for conventional blade coating to 7.80% for MFMP. Moreover, the performance of mixed polymer ambipolar [poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT):N2200] and semiconducting:insulating polymer unipolar (N2200:polystyrene) transistors is similarly enhanced, underscoring versatility for two-componentπ-polymer systems. Mixed-flow designs offer modalities for achieving high-performance organic optoelectronics via innovative printing methodologies.

    more » « less