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  3. Solid polymer electrolytes (SPEs) are one of the most promising solutions to the safety issues of lithium batteries. Understanding the morphology and dynamic effects on the ion transport properties of SPEs would be essential for future SPE design. In this article, using poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as an example, we focus on morphology control in semicrystalline SPEs. We show that the effect of semicrystallinity can be quantitatively separated into volume, structure and dynamic effects. We further demonstrate that morphological control plays an important role in ion transport control in semicrystalline SPE systems. 
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  4. Nanocomposite polymer electrolytes (CPEs) are promising materials for all-solid-state lithium metal batteries (LMBs) due to their enhanced ionic conductivities and stability to the lithium anode. MXenes are a new two-dimensional, 2D, family of early transition metal carbides and nitrides, which have a high aspect ratio and a hydrophilic surface. Herein, using a green, facile aqueous solution blending method, we uniformly dispersed small amounts of Ti 3 C 2 T x into a poly(ethylene oxide)/LiTFSI complex (PEO 20 -LiTFSI) to fabricate MXene-based CPEs (MCPEs). The addition of the 2D flakes to PEO simultaneously retards PEO crystallization and enhances its segmental motion. Compared to the 0D and 1D nanofillers, MXenes show higher efficiency in ionic conductivity enhancement and improvement in the performance of LMBs. The CPE with 3.6 wt% MXene shows the highest ionic conductivity at room temperature (2.2 × 10 −5 S m −1 at 28 °C). An LMB using MCPE with only 1.5 wt% MXene shows rate capability and stability comparable with that of the state-of-the-art CPELMBs. We attribute the excellent performance to the 2D geometry of the filler, the good dispersion of the flakes in the polymer matrix, and the functional group-rich surface. 
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