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Creators/Authors contains: "Zhu, Linghan"

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  1. Abstract

    Moiré potential profile can form flat electronic bands and manifest correlated states of electrons, where carrier doping is essential for observing those correlations. In this work, we uncover a hidden but remarkable many-electron effect: doped carriers form a two-dimensional plasmon and strongly couple with quasiparticles to renormalize moiré potential and realize ultra-flat bands. Using many-body perturbation theory, we demonstrate this effect in twisted MoS2/WS2heterobilayer. The moiré potential is significantly enhanced upon carrier doping, and the bandwidth is reduced by order of magnitude, leading to drastic quenching of electronic kinetic energy and stronger correlation. We further predict that the competition between correlated mechanisms can be effectively controlled via doping, giving hope to a quantum transition between Mott and charge-transfer insulating states. Our work reveals that the potential renormalization effect of doping is much more significant in determining and controlling many-electron electronic correlations than sole filling-factor tuning in semiconducting moiré crystals.

  2. Abstract As a fundamental type of topological spin textures in two-dimensional (2D) magnets, a magnetic meron carries half-integer topological charge and forms a pair with its antithesis to keep the stability in materials. However, it is challenging to quantitatively calculate merons and their dynamics by using the widely used continuum model because of the characteristic highly inhomogeneous spin textures. In this work, we develop a discrete method to address the concentrated spin structures around the core of merons. We reveal a logarithmic-scale interaction between merons when their distance is larger than twice their core size and obtain subsequent statistics of meron gas. The model also predicts how these properties of single and paired merons evolve with magnetic exchange interactions, and the results are in excellent agreement with the Monte Carlo simulations using the parameters of real 2D van der Waals magnetic materials. This discrete approach not only shows equilibrium static statistics of meron systems but also is useful to further explore the dynamic properties of merons through the quantified pairing interactions.
  3. Abstract

    Noncollinear spin textures in low-dimensional magnetic systems have been studied for decades because of their extraordinary properties and promising applications derived from the chirality and topological nature. However, material realizations of topological spin states are still limited. Employing first-principles and Monte Carlo simulations, we propose that monolayer chromium trichloride (CrCl3) can be a promising candidate for observing the vortex/antivortex type of topological defects, so-called merons. The numbers of vortices and antivortices are found to be the same, maintaining an overall integer topological unit. By perturbing with external magnetic fields, we show the robustness of these meron pairs and reveal a rich phase space to tune the hybridization between the ferromagnetic order and meron-like defects. The signatures of topological excitations under external magnetic field also provide crucial information for experimental justifications. Our study predicts that two-dimensional magnets with weak spin-orbit coupling can be a promising family for realizing meron-like spin textures.