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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2023
  2. Peak estimation bounds extreme values of a function of state along trajectories of a dynamical system. This paper focuses on extending peak estimation to continuous and discrete settings with time-independent and time-dependent uncertainty. Techniques from optimal control are used to incorporate uncertainty into an existing occupation measure-based peak estimation framework, which includes special consideration for handling switching-type (polytopic) uncertainties. The resulting infinite-dimensional linear programs can be solved approximately with Linear Matrix Inequalities arising from the moment-SOS hierarchy.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 14, 2022
  3. Recently, there has been renewed interest in data-driven control, that is, the design of controllers directly from observed data. In the case of linear time-invariant (LTI) systems, several approaches have been proposed that lead to tractable optimization problems. On the other hand, the case of nonlinear dynamics is considerably less developed, with existing approaches limited to at most rational dynamics and requiring the solution to a computationally expensive Sum of Squares (SoS) optimization. Since SoS problems typically scale combinatorially with the size of the problem, these approaches are limited to relatively low order systems. In this paper, we propose an alternative, based on the use of state-dependent representations. This idea allows for synthesizing data-driven controllers by solving at each time step an on-line optimization problem whose complexity is comparable to the LTI case. Further, the proposed approach is not limited to rational dynamics. The main result of the paper shows that the feasibility of this on-line optimization problem guarantees that the proposed controller renders the origin a globally asymptotically stable equilibrium point of the closed-loop system. These results are illustrated with some simple examples. The paper concludes by briefly discussing the prospects for adding performance criteria.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 14, 2022
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022
  6. Koopman operators provide tractable means of learning linear approximations of non-linear dynamics. Many approaches have been proposed to find these operators, typically based upon approximations using an a-priori fixed class of models. However, choosing appropriate models and bounding the approximation error is far from trivial. Motivated by these difficulties, in this paper we propose an optimization based approach to learning Koopman operators from data. Our results show that the Koopman operator, the associated Hilbert space of observables and a suitable dictionary can be obtained by solving two rank-constrained semi-definite programs (SDP). While in principle these problems are NP-hard, the use of standard relaxations of rank leads to convex SDPs.
  7. We consider the problem of finding the lowest order stable rational transfer function that interpolates a set of given noisy time and frequency domain data points. Our main result shows that exploiting results from rational interpolation theory allows for recasting this problem as minimizing the rank of a matrix constructed from the frequency domain data (the Loewner matrix) along with the Hankel matrix of time domain data, subject to a semidefinite constraint that enforces stability and consistency between the time and frequency domain data. These results are applied to a practical problem: identifying a system from noisy measurements of its time and frequency responses. The proposed method is able to obtain stable low order models using substantially smaller matrices than those reported earlier and consequently in a fraction of the computation time.