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  1. Abstract

    Sulfur dioxide and hypohalous acids (HOX, X=F, Cl, Br, I) are ubiquitous molecules in the atmosphere that are central to important processes like seasonal ozone depletion, acid rain, and cloud nucleation. We present the first theoretical examination of the HOX⋯SO2binary complexes and the associated trends due to halogen substitution. Reliable geometries were optimized at the CCSD(T)/aug‐cc‐pV(T+d)Z level of theory for HOF and HOCl complexes. The HOBr and HOI complexes were optimized at the CCSD(T)/aug‐cc‐pV(D+d)Z level of theory with the exception of the Br and I atoms which were modeled with an aug‐cc‐pwCVDZ‐PP pseudopotential. 27 HOX⋯SO2complexes were characterized and the focal point method was employed to produce CCSDT(Q)/CBS interaction energies. Natural Bond Orbital analysis and Symmetry Adapted Perturbation Theory were used to classify the nature of each principle interaction. The interaction energies of all HOX⋯SO2complexes in this study ranged from 1.35 to 3.81 kcal mol−1. The single‐interaction hydrogen bonded complexes spanned a range of 2.62 to 3.07 kcal mol−1, while the single‐interaction halogen bonded complexes were far more sensitive to halogen substitution ranging from 1.35 to 3.06 kcal mol−1, indicating that the two types of interactions are extremely competitive for heavier halogens. Our results provide insight into the interactions between HOX and SO2which may guide further research of related systems.

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  2. Abstract

    Reaction of carbene‐stabilized disilicon (1) with the lithium‐based dithiolene radical (2.) affords the first dianionic silicon tris(dithiolene) complex (3). Notably, the formation of3represents the unprecedented utilization of carbene‐stabilized disilicon (1) as a silicon‐transfer agent. The nature of3was probed by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy, single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction, and DFT computations.

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  3. Abstract

    Whereas low‐temperature (−78 °C) reaction of the lithium dithiolene radical1.with boron bromide gives the dibromoboron dithiolene radical2., the parallel reaction of1.with (C6H11)2BCl (0 °C) affords the dicyclohexylboron dithiolene radical3.. Radicals2.and3.were characterized by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction, UV/Vis, and EPR spectroscopy. The nature of these radicals was also probed computationally. Under mild conditions,3.undergoes unexpected thiourea‐mediated B−C bond activation to give zwitterion4, which may be regarded as an anionic dithiolene‐modified carbene complex of the sulfenyl cation RS+(R=cyclohexyl).

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  4. null (Ed.)