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  1. Dense deployment of access points in 60 GHz WLANs can provide always-on gigabit connectivity and robustness against blockages to mobile clients. However, this dense deployment can lead to harmful interference between the links, affecting link data rates. In this paper, we attempt to better understand the interference characteristics and effectiveness of interference mitigation techniques using 802.11ad COTS devices and 60 GHz software radio based measurements. We first find that current 802.11ad COTS devices do not consider interference in sector selection, resulting in high interference and low spatial reuse. We consider three techniques of interference mitigation - channelization, sector selection and receive beamforming. First, our results show that channelization is effective but 60 GHz channels have non-negligible adjacent and non-adjacent channel interference. Second, we show that it is possible to perform interference-aware sector selection to reduce interference but its gains can be limited in indoor environment with reflections, and such sector selection should consider fairness in medium access and avoid asymmetric interference. Third, we characterize the efficacy of receive beamforming in combating interference and quantify the related overhead involved in the search for receive sector, especially in presence of blockages. We elaborate on the insights gained through the characterization and point out important outstanding problems through the study. 
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  2. Spectrum sensing enables secondary users in a cognitive radio network to opportunistically access portions of the spectrum left idle by primary users. Tracking spectrum holes jointly in time and frequency over a wide spectrum band is a challenging task. In one approach to wideband temporal sensing, the spectrum band is partitioned into narrowband subchannels of fixed bandwidth, which are then characterized via hidden Markov modeling using average power or energy measurements as observation data. Adjacent, correlated subchannels are recursively aggregated into channels of variable bandwidths, corresponding to the primary user signals. Thus, wideband temporal sensing is transformed into a multiband sensing scenario by identifying the primary user channels in the spectrum band. However, future changes in the configuration of the primary user channels in the multiband setup cannot generally be detected using an energy detector front end for spectrum sensing. We propose the use of a cepstral feature vector to detect changes in the spectrum envelope of a primary user channel. Our numerical results show that the cepstrum-based spectrum envelope detector performs well under moderate to high signal-to-noise ratio conditions. 
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