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  1. Abstract

    We study a model for adversarial classification based on distributionally robust chance constraints. We show that under Wasserstein ambiguity, the model aims to minimize the conditional value-at-risk of the distance to misclassification, and we explore links to adversarial classification models proposed earlier and to maximum-margin classifiers. We also provide a reformulation of the distributionally robust model for linear classification, and show it is equivalent to minimizing a regularized ramp loss objective. Numerical experiments show that, despite the nonconvexity of this formulation, standard descent methods appear to converge to the global minimizer for this problem. Inspired by this observation, we show that, for a certain class of distributions, the only stationary point of the regularized ramp loss minimization problem is the global minimizer.

  2. Abstract We study minimization of a structured objective function, being the sum of a smooth function and a composition of a weakly convex function with a linear operator. Applications include image reconstruction problems with regularizers that introduce less bias than the standard convex regularizers. We develop a variable smoothing algorithm, based on the Moreau envelope with a decreasing sequence of smoothing parameters, and prove a complexity of $${\mathcal {O}}(\epsilon ^{-3})$$ O ( ϵ - 3 ) to achieve an $$\epsilon $$ ϵ -approximate solution. This bound interpolates between the $${\mathcal {O}}(\epsilon ^{-2})$$ O ( ϵ - 2 ) bound for the smooth case and the $${\mathcal {O}}(\epsilon ^{-4})$$ O ( ϵ - 4 ) bound for the subgradient method. Our complexity bound is in line with other works that deal with structured nonsmoothness of weakly convex functions.
  3. Summary For large-scale testing with graph-associated data, we present an empirical Bayes mixture technique to score local false-discovery rates (FDRs). Compared to procedures that ignore the graph, the proposed Graph-based Mixture Model (GraphMM) method gains power in settings where non-null cases form connected subgraphs, and it does so by regularizing parameter contrasts between testing units. Simulations show that GraphMM controls the FDR in a variety of settings, though it may lose control with excessive regularization. On magnetic resonance imaging data from a study of brain changes associated with the onset of Alzheimer’s disease, GraphMM produces greater yield than conventional large-scale testing procedures.