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  1. In this work, we will introduce a general framework to derive the thermodynamics of a fluid mechanical system, which guarantees the consistence between the energetic variational approaches with the laws of thermodynamics. In particular, we will focus on the coupling between the thermal and mechanical forces. We follow the framework for a classical gas with ideal gas equilibrium and present the existences of weak solutions to this thermodynamic system coupled with the Brinkman-type equation to govern the velocity field.

     
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    The Cahn–Hilliard equation is one of the most common models to describe phase separation processes of a mixture of two materials. For a better description of short-range interactions between the material and the boundary, various dynamic boundary conditions for the Cahn–Hilliard equation have been proposed and investigated in recent times. Of particular interests are the model by Goldstein et al . [ Phys. D 240 (2011) 754–766] and the model by Liu and Wu [ Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 233 (2019) 167–247]. Both of these models satisfy similar physical properties but differ greatly in their mass conservation behaviour. In this paper we introduce a new model which interpolates between these previous models, and investigate analytical properties such as the existence of unique solutions and convergence to the previous models mentioned above in both the weak and the strong sense. For the strong convergences we also establish rates in terms of the interpolation parameter, which are supported by numerical simulations obtained from a fully discrete, unconditionally stable and convergent finite element scheme for the new interpolation model. 
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