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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2023
  3. Inverse problems continue to garner immense interest in the physical sciences, particularly in the context of controlling desired phenomena in non-equilibrium systems. In this work, we utilize a series of deep neural networks for predicting time-dependent optimal control fields, E ( t ), that enable desired electronic transitions in reduced-dimensional quantum dynamical systems. To solve this inverse problem, we investigated two independent machine learning approaches: (1) a feedforward neural network for predicting the frequency and amplitude content of the power spectrum in the frequency domain ( i.e. , the Fourier transform of E ( t )), and (2) a cross-correlationmore »neural network approach for directly predicting E ( t ) in the time domain. Both of these machine learning methods give complementary approaches for probing the underlying quantum dynamics and also exhibit impressive performance in accurately predicting both the frequency and strength of the optimal control field. We provide detailed architectures and hyperparameters for these deep neural networks as well as performance metrics for each of our machine-learned models. From these results, we show that machine learning, particularly deep neural networks, can be employed as cost-effective statistical approaches for designing electromagnetic fields to enable desired transitions in these quantum dynamical systems.« less
  4. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are synthetic chemicals that are harmful to both the environment and human health. Using self-interaction-corrected Born–Oppenheimer molecular dynamics simulations, we provide the first real-time assessment of PFAS degradation in the presence of excess electrons. In particular, we show that the initial phase of the degradation involves the transformation of an alkane-type C–C bond into an alkene-type CC bond in the PFAS molecule, which is initiated by the trans elimination of fluorine atoms bonded to these adjacent carbon atoms.