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  1. Abstract

    A grand challenge to solve a large-scale linear inverse problem (LIP) is to retain computational efficiency and accuracy regardless of the growth of the problem size. Despite the plenitude of methods available for solving LIPs, various challenges have emerged in recent times due to the sheer volume of data, inadequate computational resources to handle an oversized problem, security and privacy concerns, and the interest in the associated incremental or decremental problems. Removing these barriers requires a holistic upgrade of the existing methods to be computationally efficient, tractable, and equipped with scalable features. We, therefore, develop the parallel residual projection (PRP),more »a parallel computational framework involving the decomposition of a large-scale LIP into sub-problems of low complexity and the fusion of the sub-problem solutions to form the solution to the original LIP. We analyze the convergence properties of the PRP and accentuate its benefits through its application to complex problems of network inference and gravimetric survey. We show that any existing algorithm for solving an LIP can be integrated into the PRP framework and used to solve the sub-problems while handling the prevailing challenges.

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  2. Systems composed of large ensembles of isolated or interacted dynamic units are prevalent in nature and engineered infrastructures. Linear ensemble systems are inarguably the simplest class of ensemble systems and have attracted intensive attention to control theorists and practionars in the past years. Comprehensive understanding of dynamic properties of such systems yet remains far-fetched and requires considerable knowledge and techniques beyond the reach of modern control theory. In this paper, we explore the classes of linear ensemble systems with system matrices that are not globally diagonalizable. In particular, we focus on analyzing their controllability properties under a Sobolev space settingmore »and develop conditions under which uniform controllability of such ensemble systems is equivalent to that of their diagonalizable counterparts. This development significantly facilitates controllability analysis for linear ensemble systems through examining diagonalized linear systems.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022