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Award ID contains: 1829406

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  1. Abstract

    The distributions of iodate (IO3), iodide (I), nitrite (NO2), and oxygen (O2) were determined on two zonal transects and one meridional transect in the Eastern Tropical North Pacific (ETNP) in 2018. Iodine is a useful tracer of in situ redox transformations and inputs within the water column from continental margins. In oxygenated waters, iodine is predominantly present as oxidized iodate. In the oxygen deficient zone (ODZ) in the ETNP, a substantial fraction is reduced to iodide, with the highest iodide concentrations coincident with the secondary nitrite maxima. These features resemble ODZs in the Arabian Sea and Eastern Tropical South Pacific (ETSP). Maxima in iodide and nitrite were associated with a specific water mass, referred to as the 13 °C Water, the same water mass that contains the highest concentrations of iodide within the ETSP. Physical processes leading to patchiness in the 13 °C Water relative to other water masses could account for the patchiness frequently observed in iodide and nitrite, probably reflecting subsurface mesoscale features such as eddies. Throughout much of the ETNP ODZ, iodine concentrations were higher than the mean oceanic value. This “excess iodine” is attributed to lateral inputs from sedimentary margins. Excess iodine maxima are centeredmore »within a potential density of 26.2–26.6 kg/m3, a density range that intersects with reducing shelf sediments and is almost identical to the ETSP. Evidently, margin input processes are significant throughout the basin and can influence the nitrogen and iron cycles as well, as in the ETSP.

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