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  1. We consider a connection-level model proposed by Massoulié and Roberts for bandwidth sharing among file transfer flows in a communication network. We study weighted proportionally fair sharing policies and establish explicit-form bounds on the weighted sum of the expected numbers of flows on different routes in heavy traffic. The bounds are linear in the number of critically loaded links in the network, and they hold for a class of phase-type file-size distributions; that is, the bounds are heavy-traffic insensitive to the distributions in this class. Our approach is Lyapunov drift based, which is different from the widely used diffusion approximation approach. A key technique we develop is to construct a novel inner product in the state space, which then allows us to obtain a multiplicative type of state-space collapse in steady state. Furthermore, this state-space collapse result implies the interchange of limits as a byproduct for the diffusion approximation of the unweighted proportionally fair sharing policy under phase-type file-size distributions, demonstrating the heavy-traffic insensitivity of the stationary distribution. 
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  2. Abstract Motivated by applications to wireless networks, cloud computing, data centers, etc., stochastic processing networks have been studied in the literature under various asymptotic regimes. In the heavy traffic regime, the steady-state mean queue length is proved to be $\Theta({1}/{\epsilon})$ , where $\epsilon$ is the heavy traffic parameter (which goes to zero in the limit). The focus of this paper is on obtaining queue length bounds on pre-limit systems, thus establishing the rate of convergence to heavy traffic. For the generalized switch, operating under the MaxWeight algorithm, we show that the mean queue length is within $\textrm{O}({\log}({1}/{\epsilon}))$ of its heavy traffic limit. This result holds regardless of the complete resource pooling (CRP) condition being satisfied. Furthermore, when the CRP condition is satisfied, we show that the mean queue length under the MaxWeight algorithm is within $\textrm{O}({\log}({1}/{\epsilon}))$ of the optimal scheduling policy. Finally, we obtain similar results for the rate of convergence to heavy traffic of the total queue length in load balancing systems operating under the ‘join the shortest queue’ routeing algorithm. 
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  4. In an input-queued switch, a crossbar schedule, or a matching between the input ports and the output ports needs to be computed for each switching cycle, or time slot. It is a challenging research problem to design switching algorithms that produce high-quality matchings yet have a very low computational complexity when the switch has a large number of ports. Indeed, there appears to be a fundamental tradeoff between the computational complexity of the switching algorithm and the quality of the computed matchings. Parallel maximal matching algorithms (adapted for switching) appear to be a sweet tradeoff point in this regard. On one hand, they provide the following performance guarantees: Using maxi- mal matchings as crossbar schedules results in at least 50% switch throughput and order-optimal (i.e., independent of the switch size 𝑁 ) average delay bounds for various traffic arrival processes. On the other hand, their computational complexities can be as low as 𝑂 (log_2 𝑁) per port/processor, which is much lower than those of the algorithms for finding matchings of higher qualities such as maximum weighted matching. In this work, we propose QPS-r, a parallel iterative switching algorithm that has the lowest possible computational complexity: 𝑂(1) per port. Yet, the matchings that QPS-r computes have the same quality as maximal matchings in the following sense: Using such matchings as crossbar schedules results in exactly the same aforementioned provable throughput and delay guarantees as using maximal matchings, as we show using Lyapunov stability analysis. Although QPS-r builds upon an existing add-on technique called Queue-Proportional Sampling (QPS), we are the first to discover and prove this nice property of such matchings. We also demon- strate that QPS-3 (running 3 iterations) has comparable empirical throughput and delay performances as iSLIP (running log 𝑁 itera- 2 tions), a refined and optimized representative maximal matching algorithm adapted for switching. 
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