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  1. Residential energy demand dynamics at household level can be studied through demographic, behavioral and physical characteristics of the household. In this paper, we develop an agent-based model using a bottom-up approach to build disaggregated energy demand estimates at the household level at an hourly interval. A household level analysis is made possible via the use of synthetic populations for the urban and rural areas of Virginia, USA. The energy consumption estimate is based on householders’ demographics, their behaviors and activities, ratings of appliances used in energy-related activities, space conditioning fuels, physical characteristics of the home, and weather conditions. Results frommore »the simulation are then validated with actual demand curves from Rappahannock county in Virginia using dynamic time warping. The simulation results show that the model produces realistic energy demand profiles.« less