skip to main content

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 1933552

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    Electrospinning has emerged as a versatile and accessible technology for fabricating polymer fibers, particularly for biological applications. Natural polymers or biopolymers (including synthetically derivatized natural polymers) represent a promising alternative to synthetic polymers, as materials for electrospinning. Many biopolymers are obtained from abundant renewable sources, are biodegradable, and possess inherent biological functions. This review surveys recent literature reporting new fibers produced from emerging biopolymers, highlighting recent developments in the use of sulfated polymers (including carrageenans and glycosaminoglycans), tannin derivatives (condensed and hydrolyzed tannins, tannic acid), modified collagen, and extracellular matrix extracts. The proposed advantages of these biopolymer‐based fibers, focusing on their biomedical applications, are also discussed to highlight the use of new and emerging biopolymers (or new modifications to well‐established ones) to enhance or achieve new properties for electrospun fiber materials.

  2. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains a leading cause of drug attrition and acute liver failures, partly due to the inadequacy of animal models to accurately predict human clinical outcomes, which necessitates the utilization of in vitro models of the human liver. However, primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) are in short supply for routine drug screening. In contrast, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) are a nearly unlimited cell source but display a fetal-like (versus adult-like) phenotype when differentiated using conventional protocols on tissue culture plastic or glass adsorbed with 2D extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Electrospinning can produce porous nanoscale 3D fibers that have a large surface area and present a high density of receptor ligands to modulate cell phenotype. However, the application of electrospinning to generate 3D liver-derived ECM substrates for HLC differentiation remains unexplored. Therefore, here we developed methods to a) electrospin nanofibers of different porosities and diameters using porcine liver ECM (PLECM) with or without type I collagen and b) use these fibers to determine functional modulation in iPSC-derived HLCs while using PHHs as a control cell type relative to conventional adsorbed ECM substrates.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 13, 2023