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Title: Engineering Liver Extracellular Matrix Nanofibers to Functionally Mature iPSC-derived Liver Cells
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains a leading cause of drug attrition and acute liver failures, partly due to the inadequacy of animal models to accurately predict human clinical outcomes, which necessitates the utilization of in vitro models of the human liver. However, primary human hepatocytes (PHHs) are in short supply for routine drug screening. In contrast, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs)-derived hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) are a nearly unlimited cell source but display a fetal-like (versus adult-like) phenotype when differentiated using conventional protocols on tissue culture plastic or glass adsorbed with 2D extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Electrospinning can produce porous nanoscale 3D fibers that have a large surface area and present a high density of receptor ligands to modulate cell phenotype. However, the application of electrospinning to generate 3D liver-derived ECM substrates for HLC differentiation remains unexplored. Therefore, here we developed methods to a) electrospin nanofibers of different porosities and diameters using porcine liver ECM (PLECM) with or without type I collagen and b) use these fibers to determine functional modulation in iPSC-derived HLCs while using PHHs as a control cell type relative to conventional adsorbed ECM substrates.
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Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society
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National Science Foundation
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