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  1. Human mobility data may lead to privacy concerns because a resident can be re-identified from these data by malicious attacks even with anonymized user IDs. For an urban service collecting mobility data, an efficient privacy risk assessment is essential for the privacy protection of its users. The existing methods enable efficient privacy risk assessments for service operators to fast adjust the quality of sensing data to lower privacy risk by using prediction models. However, for these prediction models, most of them require massive training data, which has to be collected and stored first. Such a large-scale long-term training data collection contradicts the purpose of privacy risk prediction for new urban services, which is to ensure that the quality of high-risk human mobility data is adjusted to low privacy risk within a short time. To solve this problem, we present a privacy risk prediction model based on transfer learning, i.e., TransRisk, to predict the privacy risk for a new target urban service through (1) small-scale short-term data of its own, and (2) the knowledge learned from data from other existing urban services. We envision the application of TransRisk on the traffic camera surveillance system and evaluate it with real-world mobility datasets already collected in a Chinese city, Shenzhen, including four source datasets, i.e., (i) one call detail record dataset (CDR) with 1.2 million users; (ii) one cellphone connection data dataset (CONN) with 1.2 million users; (iii) a vehicular GPS dataset (Vehicles) with 10 thousand vehicles; (iv) an electronic toll collection transaction dataset (ETC) with 156 thousand users, and a target dataset, i.e., a camera dataset (Camera) with 248 cameras. The results show that our model outperforms the state-of-the-art methods in terms of RMSE and MAE. Our work also provides valuable insights and implications on mobility data privacy risk assessment for both current and future large-scale services. 
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  2. We introduce CryptGPU, a system for privacy-preserving machine learning that implements all operations on the GPU (graphics processing unit). Just as GPUs played a pivotal role in the success of modern deep learning, they are also essential for realizing scalable privacy-preserving deep learning. In this work, we start by introducing a new interface to losslessly embed cryptographic operations over secret-shared values (in a discrete domain) into floating-point operations that can be processed by highly-optimized CUDA kernels for linear algebra. We then identify a sequence of “GPU-friendly” cryptographic protocols to enable privacy-preserving evaluation of both linear and non-linear operations on the GPU. Our microbenchmarks indicate that our private GPU-based convolution protocol is over 150x faster than the analogous CPU-based protocol; for non-linear operations like the ReLU activation function, our GPU-based protocol is around 10x faster than its CPU analog. With CryptGPU, we support private inference and private training on convolutional neural networks with over 60 million parameters as well as handle large datasets like ImageNet. Compared to the previous state-of-the-art, when considering large models and datasets, our protocols achieve a 2x to 8x improvement in private inference and a 6x to 36x improvement for private training. Our work not only showcases the viability of performing secure multiparty computation (MPC) entirely on the GPU to enable fast privacy-preserving machine learning, but also highlights the importance of designing new MPC primitives that can take full advantage of the GPU's computing capabilities. 
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