skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 5:00 PM ET until 11:00 PM ET on Friday, June 21 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Search for: All records

Award ID contains: 2004422

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Abstract

    Efficient optical coupling between nano‐ and macroscale areas is strongly suppressed by the diffraction limit. This work presents a possible solution to this fundamental problem via the experimental fabrication, characterization, and comprehensive theoretical analysis of structures referred to as “photonic funnels.” The funnels represent a novel composite material platform that combines hyperbolic dielectric response with geometry‐assisted optical confinement. Experimentally, funneling of mid‐infrared light through openings with diameters as small as 1/25th of the free space wavelength (λ0) is demonstrated. By analyzing the optical response of the funnels, as fabricated, both confinement of mid‐infrared radiation to the λ0/25 areas and efficient outcoupling of light from deep subwavelength areas are confirmed.

    more » « less
  2. Photonic funnels have been demonstrated as a flexible platform to confine light to deep subwavelength spatial areas. Here we consider the utility of this platform to provide temporal, as well as spatial, light shaping. 
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)