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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2023
  2. A bstract We look for relations among CKM matrix elements that are not consequences of the Wolfenstein parametrization. In particular, we search for products of CKM elements raised to integer powers that approximately equal 1. We study the running of the CKM matrix elements and resolve an apparent discrepancy in the literature. To a good approximation only A runs, among the Wolfenstein parameters. Using the Standard Model renormalization group we look for CKM relations at energy scales ranging from the electroweak scale to the Planck scale, and we find 19 such relations. These relations could point to structure in the UV, or be numerical accidents. For example, we find that |V td V us | = | $$ {V}_{cb}^2 $$ V cb 2 | , within 2% accuracy, in the 10 9 –10 15 GeV range. We discuss the implications of this CKM relation for a Yukawa texture in the UV.
  3. A bstract We study causality in gravitational systems beyond the classical limit. Using on-shell methods, we consider the 1-loop corrections from charged particles to the photon energy-momentum tensor — the self-stress — that controls the quantum interaction between two on-shell photons and one off-shell graviton. The self-stress determines in turn the phase shift and time delay in the scattering of photons against a spectator particle of any spin in the eikonal regime. We show that the sign of the β -function associated to the running gauge coupling is related to the sign of time delay at small impact parameter. Our results show that, at first post-Minkowskian order, asymptotic causality, where the time delay experienced by any particle must be positive, is respected quantum mechanically. Contrasted with asymptotic causality, we explore a local notion of causality, where the time delay is longer than the one of gravitons, which is seemingly violated by quantum effects.
  4. A bstract We analyze the New Physics sensitivity of a recently proposed method to measure the CP-violating $$ \mathcal{B} $$ B ( K S → μ + μ − ) ℓ =0 decay rate using K S − K L interference. We present our findings both in a model-independent EFT approach as well as within several simple NP scenarios. We discuss the relation with associated observables, most notably $$ \mathcal{B} $$ B ( K L → π 0 $$ \nu \overline{\nu} $$ ν ν ¯ ). We find that simple NP models can significantly enhance $$ \mathcal{B} $$ B ( K S → μ + μ − ) ℓ =0 , making this mode a very promising probe of physics beyond the standard model in the kaon sector.
  5. A bstract We study the renormalization group of generic effective field theories that include gravity. We follow the on-shell amplitude approach, which provides a simple and efficient method to extract anomalous dimensions avoiding complications from gauge redundancies. As an invaluable tool we introduce a modified helicity $$ \tilde{h} $$ h ˜ under which gravitons carry one unit instead of two. With this modified helicity we easily explain old and uncover new non-renormalization theorems for theories including gravitons. We provide complete results for the one-loop gravitational renormalization of a generic minimally coupled gauge theory with scalars and fermions and all orders in M Pl , as well as for the renormalization of dimension-six operators including at least one graviton, all up to four external particles.