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  1. Abstract

    Research shows that certain external factors can affect the mental health of many people in a community. Moreover, the importance of mental health has significantly increased in recent years due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Many people communicate and express their emotions through social media platforms, which provide researchers with opportunities to examine insights into their opinions and mental state. While social sensing studies using social media data have flourished in the last decade, many studies using social media data to detect and predict mental health status have focused on the individual level. In this study, we aim to generate a social sensing index for mental health to monitor emotional well-being, which is closely related to mental health, and to identify daily trends in negative emotions at the city level. We conduct sentiment analysis on Twitter data and compute entropy of the degree of sentiment change to develop the index. We observe sentiment trends fluctuate significantly in response to unusual events. It is found that the social sensing index for mental health reflects both city-wide and local events that trigger negative emotions, as well as areas where negative emotions persist. The study contributes to the growing body of research that uses social media data to examine mental health at a city-level. We focus on mental health at the city-level rather than individual, which provides a broader perspective on the mental health of a population. Social sensing index for mental health allows public health professionals to monitor and identify persistent negative sentiments and potential areas where mental health issues may emerge.

     
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2025
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 13, 2024
  3. Time geography is widely used by geographers as a model for understanding accessibility. Recent changes in how access is created, an increasing awareness of the need to better understand individual variability in access, and growing availability of detailed spatial and mobility data have created an opportunity to build more flexible time geography models. Our goal is to outline a research agenda for a modern time geography that allows new modes of access and a variety of data to flexibly represent the complexity of the relationship between time and access. A modern time geography is more able to nuance individual experience and creates a pathway for monitoring progress toward inclusion. We lean on the original work by Hägerstrand and the field of movement GIScience to develop both a framework and research roadmap that, if addressed, can enhance the flexibility of time geography to help ensure time geography will continue as a cornerstone of accessibility research. The proposed framework emphasizes the individual and differentiates access based on how individuals experience internal , external , and structural factors. To enhance nuanced representation of inclusion and exclusion, we propose research needs, focusing efforts on implementing flexible space–time constraints, inclusion of definitive variables, addressing mechanisms for representing and including relative variables, and addressing the need to link between individual and population scales of analysis. The accelerated digitalization of society, including availability of new forms of digital spatial data, combined with a focus on understanding how access varies across race, income, sexual identity, and physical limitations requires new consideration for how we include constraints in our studies of access. It is an exciting era for time geography and there are massive opportunities for all geographers to consider how to incorporate new realities and research priorities into time geography models, which have had a long tradition of supporting theory and implementation of accessibility research. 
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  4. Beecham, Roger ; Long, Jed A. ; Smith, Dianna ; Zhao, Qunshan ; Wise, Sarah (Ed.)
    This paper proposes a data fusion framework that seeks to investigate joint mobility signals around wildfires in relation to geographic scale of analysis (level of spatial aggregation), as well as spatial and temporal extents (i.e. distance to the event and duration of the observation period). We highlight the usefulness of our framework using intra-urban mobility data from Mapbox and SafeGraph for two wildfires in California: Lake Fire (August-September 2020, Los Angeles County) and Silverado Fire (October-November 2020, Orange County). We identify two distinct patterns of mobility behavior: one associated with the wildfire event and another one - with the routine daily mobility of the nearby urban core. Using the combination of data fusion and tensor decomposition, the framework allows us to capture additional insights from the data, that were otherwise unavailable in raw mobility data. 
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  5. Movement is manifested through a series of patterns at multiple spatial and temporal scales. Movement data today are becoming available at increasingly fine-grained temporal granularity. These observations often represent multiple behavioral modes and complex patterns along the movement path. However, the relationships between the observation scale of movement data and the analysis scales at which movement patterns are captured remain understudied. This article aims at investigating the role of temporal scale in movement data analytics. It takes up an important question of “how do decisions surrounding the scale of movement data and analyses impact our inferences about movement patterns?” Through a set of computational experiments in the context of human movement, we take a systematic look at the impact of varying temporal scales on common movement analytics techniques including trajectory analytics to calculate movement parameters (e.g., speed, path tortuosity), estimation of individual space usage, and interactions analysis to detect potential contacts between multiple mobile individuals. 
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