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  1. Abstract

    Herein, we report a strategy to construct highly efficient perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) adsorbents by installing synergistic electrostatic/hydrophobic sites onto porous organic polymers (POPs). The constructed model material of PAF-1-NDMB (NDMB = N,N-dimethyl-butylamine) demonstrates an exceptionally high PFOA uptake capacity over 2000 mg g−1, which is 14.8 times enhancement compared with its parent material of PAF-1. And it is 32.0 and 24.1 times higher than benchmark materials of DFB-CDP (β-cyclodextrin (β-CD)-based polymer network) and activated carbon under the same conditions. Furthermore, PAF-1-NDMB exhibits the highestk2value of 24,000 g mg−1h−1among all reported PFOA sorbents. And it can remove 99.99% PFOA from 1000 ppb to <70 ppt within 2 min, which is lower than the advisory level of Environmental Protection Agency of United States. This work thus not only provides a generic approach for constructing PFOA adsorbents, but also develops POPs as a platform for PFOA capture.

     
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  2. Abstract

    Various robust, crystalline, and porous organic frameworks based on in situ‐formed imine‐linked oligomers were investigated. These oligomers self‐assembled through collaborative intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions via liquid–liquid interfacial reactions. The soluble oligomers were kinetic products with multiple unreacted aldehyde groups that acted as hydrogen bond donors and acceptors and directed the assembly of the resulting oligomers into 3D frameworks. The sequential formation of robust covalent linkages and highly reversible hydrogen bonds enforced long‐range symmetry and facilitated the production of large single crystals, with structures that were unambiguously determined by single‐crystal X‐ray diffraction. The unique hierarchical arrangements increased the steric hindrance of the imine bond, which prevented attacks from water molecules, greatly improving the stability. The multiple binding sites in the frameworks enabled rapid sequestration of micropollutant in water.

     
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  3. Abstract

    Rhenium is one of the most valuable elements found in nature, and its capture and recycle are highly desirable for resource recovery. However, the effective and efficient collection of this material from industrial waste remains quite challenging. Herein, a tetraphenylmethane‐based cationic polymeric network (CPN‐tpm) nanotrap is designed, synthesized, and evaluated for ReO4recovery. 3D building units are used to construct imidazolium salt‐based polymers with positive charges, which yields a record maximum uptake capacity of 1133 mg g−1for ReO4collection as well as fast kinetics ReO4uptake. The sorption equilibrium is reached within 20 min and akdvalue of 8.5 × 105mL g−1is obtained. The sorption capacity of CPN‐tpm remains stable over a wide range of pH values and the removal efficiency exceeds 60% for pH levels below 2. Moreover, CPN‐tpm exhibits good recyclability for at least five cycles of the sorption–desorption process. This work provides a new route for constructing a kind of new high‐performance polymeric material for rhenium recovery and rhenium‐contained industrial wastewater treatment.

     
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  4. Poly(pyridinium salts) (PPSs) with positive charges on the backbones were designed and synthesized from the transformation of bispyrylium salts. Such materials exhibited good uptake capacity for rhenium capture from water, and excellent selectivity of ReO 4 − from competing anions. Furthermore, the advantages of facile synthesis and large-scale preparation make this material promising for practical use in industry. 
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    Conjugated microporous polymers (CMPs) are an emerging class of porous organic polymers that combine -conjugated skeletons with permanent micropores. Since their first report in 2007, the enormous exploration of linkage types, building units, and synthetic methods for CMPs have facilitated their potential applications in various areas, from gas separations to energy storage. Owning to their unique construction, CMPs offer the opportunity for the precise design of conjugated skeletons and pore environment engineering, which allow the construction of functional porous materials at the molecular level. The capability to chemically alter CMPs to targeted applications allows for the fine adaptation of functionalities for the ever changing environments and necessities. Bifunctional CMPs are a branch of functionalized CMPs that have caught interest of researchers because of their inherent synergistic systems that can expand their applications and optimize their performance. This review attempts to discuss the rational design and synthesis for bifunctional CMPs and summarize their advanced applications. To conclude, our own perspective on the research prospect of this type of material is outlined. 
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    Nature has long been a dominant source of inspiration in the area of chemistry, serving as prototypes for the design of materials with proficient performance. In this Feature article, we present our efforts to explore porous organic polymers (POPs) as a platform for the construction of biomimetic materials to enable new technologies to achieve efficient conversions and molecular recognition. For each aspect, we first present the chemical basis of nature, followed by depicting the principles and design strategies involved for functionalizing POPs along with a summary of critical requirements for materials, culminating in a demonstration of unique features of POPs. Our endeavours in using POPs to address the fundamental scientific problems related to biomimetic catalysis and adsorption are then illustrated to show their enormous potential and capabilities for applications ranging from concerted catalysis to radionuclide sequestration. To conclude, we present a personal perspective on the challenges and opportunities in this emerging field. 
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