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  1. A bstract The mass spectrum of 1 + 1-dimensional SU( N ) gauge theory coupled to a Majorana fermion in the adjoint representation has been studied in the large N limit using Light-Cone Quantization. Here we extend this approach to theories with small values of N , exhibiting explicit results for N = 2 , 3, and 4. In the context of Discretized Light-Cone Quantization, we develop a procedure based on the Cayley-Hamilton theorem for determining which states of the large N theory become null at finite N . For the low-lying bound states, we find that the squared masses divided by g 2 N , where g is the gauge coupling, have very weak dependence on N . The coefficients of the 1 /N 2 corrections to their large N values are surprisingly small. When the adjoint fermion is massless, we observe exact degeneracies that we explain in terms of a Kac-Moody algebra construction and charge conjugation symmetry. When the squared mass of the adjoint fermion is tuned to g 2 N/π , we find evidence that the spectrum exhibits boson-fermion degeneracies, in agreement with the supersymmetry of the model at any value of N . 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2024
  2. A bstract Three-dimensional $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 superconformal field theories contain 1d topological sectors consisting of twisted linear combinations of half-BPS local operators that can be inserted anywhere along a line. After a conformal mapping to a round three-sphere, the 1d sectors are now defined on a great circle of S 3 . We show that the 1d topological sectors are preserved under the squashing of the sphere. For gauge theories with matter hypermultiplets, we use supersymmetric localization to derive an explicit description of the topological sector associated with the Higgs branch. Furthermore, we find that the dependence of the 1d correlation functions on the squashing parameter b can be removed after appropriate rescalings. One can introduce real mass and Fayet-Iliopolous parameters that, after appropriate rescalings, modify the 1d theory on the squashed sphere precisely as they do on the round sphere. In addition, we also show that when a generic 3d $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 theory is deformed by real mass parameters, this deformation translates into a universal deformation of the corresponding 1d theory. 
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  3. A bstract We study the mass-deformed sphere free energy of three-dimensional $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 2 superconformal field theories with holographic duals. Building on previous observations, we conjecture a proportionality relation between the sphere free energy on the boundary and the prepotential of the four-dimensional $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 2 supergravity theory in the bulk. We verify this formula by explicit computation in several examples of supergravity theories with vector multiplets and hypermultiplets. 
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