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  1. A bstract We argue for a relation between the supersymmetry breaking scale and the measured value of the dark energy density Λ. We derive it by combining two quantum gravity consistency swampland constraints, which tie the dark energy density Λ and the gravitino mass M 3 / 2 , respectively, to the mass scale of a light Kaluza-Klein tower and, therefore, to the UV cut-off of the effective theory. Whereas the constraint on Λ has recently led to the Dark Dimension scenario, with a prediction of a single mesoscopic extra dimension of the micron size, we use the constraint on M 3 / 2 to infer the implications of such a scenario for the scale of supersymmetry breaking. We find that a natural scale for supersymmetry signatures is $$ M=\mathcal{O}\left({\Lambda}^{\frac{1}{8}}\right)=\mathcal{O}\left(\textrm{TeV}\right). $$ M = O Λ 1 8 = O TeV . This mass scale is within reach of LHC and of the next generation of hadron colliders. Finally, we discuss possible string theory and effective supergravity realizations of the Dark Dimension scenario with broken supersymmetry. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 1, 2024
  4. Abstract High energy collisions at the High-Luminosity Large Hadron Collider (LHC) produce a large number of particles along the beam collision axis, outside of the acceptance of existing LHC experiments. The proposed Forward Physics Facility (FPF), to be located several hundred meters from the ATLAS interaction point and shielded by concrete and rock, will host a suite of experiments to probe standard model (SM) processes and search for physics beyond the standard model (BSM). In this report, we review the status of the civil engineering plans and the experiments to explore the diverse physics signals that can be uniquely probed in the forward region. FPF experiments will be sensitive to a broad range of BSM physics through searches for new particle scattering or decay signatures and deviations from SM expectations in high statistics analyses with TeV neutrinos in this low-background environment. High statistics neutrino detection will also provide valuable data for fundamental topics in perturbative and non-perturbative QCD and in weak interactions. Experiments at the FPF will enable synergies between forward particle production at the LHC and astroparticle physics to be exploited. We report here on these physics topics, on infrastructure, detector, and simulation studies, and on future directions to realize the FPF’s physics potential. 
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  5. Recently, the idea of using neutrino oscillations to measure the Hubble constant was introduced. We show that such a task is unfeasible because for typical energies of cosmic neutrinos, oscillations average out over cosmological distances and so the oscillation probability depends only on the mixing angles. 
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