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  1. As in-vehicle communication becomes more complex, the automotive community is exploring various architectural options such as centralized and zonal architectures for their numerous benefits. Common characteristics of these architectures include the need for high-bandwidth communication and security, which have been elusive with standard automotive architectures. Further, as automotive communication technologies evolve, it is also likely that multiple link-layer technologies such as CAN and Automotive Ethernet will co-exist. These alternative architectures promise to integrate these diverse sets of technologies. However, architectures that allow such co-existence have not been adequately explored. In this work we explore a new network architecture called Named Data Networking (NDN) to achieve multiple goals: provide a foundational security infrastructure and bridge different link layer protocols such as CAN, LIN, and automotive Ethernet into a unified communication system. We have created a proof-of-concept bench-top testbed using CAN HATS and Raspberry PIs that replay real traffic over CAN and Ethernet to demonstrate how NDN can provide a secure, high-speed bridge between different automotive link layers. We also show how NDN can support communication between centralized or zonal high-power compute components. Security is achieved through digitally signing all Data packets between these components, preventing unauthorized ECUs from injecting arbitrary data into the network. We also demonstrate NDN's ability to prevent DoS and replay attacks between different network segments connected through NDN. 
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  2. Cities around the world are increasingly promoting electric vehicles (EV) to reduce and ultimately eliminate greenhouse gas emissions. A huge number of EVs will put unprecedented stress on the power grid. To efficiently serve the increased charging load, these EVs need to be charged in a coordinated fashion. One promising coordination strategy is vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) charging coordination, enabling EVs to sell their surplus energy in an ad-hoc, peer to peer manner. This paper introduces an Information Centric Networking (ICN)-based protocol to support ad-hoc V2V charging coordination (V2V-CC). Our evaluations demonstrate that V2V-CC can provide added flexibility, fault tolerance, and reduced communication latency than a conventional centralized cloud based approach. We show that V2V-CC can achieve a 93% reduction in protocol completion time compared to a conventional approach. We also show that V2V-CC also works well under extreme packet loss, making it ideal for V2V charging coordination. 
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