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  1. Abstract Engineering the properties of quantum materials via strong light-matter coupling is a compelling research direction with a multiplicity of modern applications. Those range from modifying charge transport in organic molecules, steering particle correlation and interactions, and even controlling chemical reactions. Here, we study the modification of the material properties via strong coupling and demonstrate an effective inversion of the excitonic band-ordering in a monolayer of WSe 2 with spin-forbidden, optically dark ground state. In our experiments, we harness the strong light-matter coupling between cavity photon and the high energy, spin-allowed bright exciton, and thus creating two bright polaritonic modes in the optical bandgap with the lower polariton mode pushed below the WSe 2 dark state. We demonstrate that in this regime the commonly observed luminescence quenching stemming from the fast relaxation to the dark ground state is prevented, which results in the brightening of this intrinsically dark material. We probe this effective brightening by temperature-dependent photoluminescence, and we find an excellent agreement with a theoretical model accounting for the inversion of the band ordering and phonon-assisted polariton relaxation.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2023
  2. While MAX phases offer an exotic combination of ceramic and metallic properties, rendering them a unique class of materials, their applications remain virtually hypothetical. To overcome this shortcoming, a sol–gel based route is introduced that allows access to microwires in the range of tens of micrometers. Thorough structural characterization through XRD, SEM, EDS, and AFM demonstrates a successful synthesis of carbonaceous Cr 2 GaC wires, and advanced low temperature electronic transport measurements revealed resistivity behavior dominated by amorphous carbon. The tunability of electronic behavior of the obtained microwires is shown by a halide post-synthesis treatment, allowing purposeful engineering of the microwires’ electrical conductivity. Raman studies revealed the polyanionic nature of the intercalated halides and a slow decrease in halide concentration was concluded from time-dependent conductivity measurements. Based on these findings, the process is considered a viable candidate for fabricating chemiresistive halogen gas sensors.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 20, 2023
  3. Abstract Engineering non-linear hybrid light-matter states in tailored lattices is a central research strategy for the simulation of complex Hamiltonians. Excitons in atomically thin crystals are an ideal active medium for such purposes, since they couple strongly with light and bear the potential to harness giant non-linearities and interactions while presenting a simple sample-processing and room temperature operability. We demonstrate lattice polaritons, based on an open, high-quality optical cavity, with an imprinted photonic lattice strongly coupled to excitons in a WS 2 monolayer. We experimentally observe the emergence of the canonical band-structure of particles in a one-dimensional lattice at room temperature, and demonstrate frequency reconfigurability over a spectral window exceeding 85 meV, as well as the systematic variation of the nearest-neighbour coupling, reflected by a tunability in the bandwidth of the p-band polaritons by 7 meV. The technology presented in this work is a critical demonstration towards reconfigurable photonic emulators operated with non-linear photonic fluids, offering a simple experimental implementation and working at ambient conditions.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2022