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Belkin, Mikhail ; Kpotufe, Samory (Ed.)Graph matching, also known as network alignment, refers to finding a bijection between the vertex sets of two given graphs so as to maximally align their edges. This fundamental computational problem arises frequently in multiple fields such as computer vision and biology. Recently, there has been a plethora of work studying efficient algorithms for graph matching under probabilistic models. In this work, we propose a new algorithm for graph matching: Our algorithm associates each vertex with a signature vector using a multistage procedure and then matches a pair of vertices from the two graphs if their signature vectors are close to each other. We show that, for two Erdős–Rényi graphs with edge correlation $1\alpha$, our algorithm recovers the underlying matching exactly with high probability when $\alpha \le 1 / (\log \log n)^C$, where $n$ is the number of vertices in each graph and $C$ denotes a positive universal constant. This improves the condition $\alpha \le 1 / (\log n)^C$ achieved in previous work.

Belkin, Mikhail ; Samory Kpotufe (Ed.)Graph matching, also known as network alignment, refers to finding a bijection between the vertex sets of two given graphs so as to maximally align their edges. This fundamental computational problem arises frequently in multiple fields such as computer vision and biology. Recently, there has been a plethora of work studying efficient algorithms for graph matching under probabilistic models. In this work, we propose a new algorithm for graph matching: Our algorithm associates each vertex with a signature vector using a multistage procedure and then matches a pair of vertices from the two graphs if their signature vectors are close to each other. We show that, for two Erdős–Rényi graphs with edge correlation 1−α, our algorithm recovers the underlying matching exactly with high probability when α≤1/(loglogn)C, where n is the number of vertices in each graph and C denotes a positive universal constant. This improves the condition α≤1/(logn)C achieved in previous work.

Belkin, Mikhail ; Kpotufe, Samor (Ed.)We present an $e^{O(p)} (\log \ell) / (\log \log \ell)$approximation algorithm for socially fair clustering with the $\ell_p$objective. In this problem, we are given a set of points in a metric space. Each point belongs to one (or several) of $\ell$ groups. The goal is to find a $k$medians, $k$means, or, more generally, $\ell_p$clustering that is simultaneously good for all of the groups. More precisely, we need to find a set of $k$ centers $C$ so as to minimize the maximum over all groups $j$ of $\sum_{u \text{ in group } j} d(u, C)^p$. The socially fair clustering problem was independently proposed by Abbasi, Bhaskara, and Venkatasubramanian (2021) and Ghadiri, Samadi, and Vempala (2021). Our algorithm improves and generalizes their $O(\ell)$approximation algorithms for the problem. The natural LP relaxation for the problem has an integrality gap of $\Omega(\ell)$. In order to obtain our result, we introduce a strengthened LP relaxation and show that it has an integrality gap of $\Theta((\log \ell) / (\log \log \ell))$ for a fixed p. Additionally, we present a bicriteria approximation algorithm, which generalizes the bicriteria approximation of Abbasi et al. (2021).


Belkin, Mikhail ; Kpotufe, Samory (Ed.)