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Title: Experimental Characterization of Cold Plates used in Cooling Multi Chip Server Modules (MCM)
Miniaturization of microelectronic components comes at a price of high heat flux density. By adopting liquid cooling, the rising demand of high heat flux devices can be met while the reliability of the microelectronic devices can also be improved to a greater extent. Liquid cooled cold plates are largely replacing air based heat sinks for electronics in data center applications, thanks to its large heat carrying capacity. A bench level study was carried out to characterize the thermohydraulic performance of two microchannel cold plates which uses warm DI water for cooling Multi Chip Server Modules (MCM). A laboratory built mock package housing mock dies and a heat spreader was employed while assessing the thermal performance of two different cold plate designs at varying coolant flow rate and temperature. The case temperature measured at the heat spreader for varying flow rates and input power were essential in identifying the convective resistance. The flow performance was evaluated by measuring the pressure drop across cold plate module at varying flow rates. Cold plate with the enhanced microchannel design yielded better results compared to a traditional parallel microchannel design. The study conducted at higher coolant temperatures yielded lower pressure drop values with no apparent more » change in the thermal behavior using different cold plates. The tests conducted after reversing the flow direction in microchannels provide an insight at the effect of neighboring dies on each other and reveal the importance of package specific cold plate designs for top performance. The experimental results were validated using a numerical model which are further optimized for improved geometric designs. « less
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18th Intersociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, San Diego,
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National Science Foundation
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