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Title: 2D molybdenum and vanadium nitrides synthesized by ammoniation of 2D transition metal carbides (MXenes)
MXenes are a rapidly growing class of 2D transition metal carbides and nitrides, finding applications in fields ranging from energy storage to electromagnetic interference shielding and transparent conductive coatings. However, while more than 20 carbide MXenes have already been synthesized, Ti 4 N 3 and Ti 2 N are the only nitride MXenes reported so far. Here by ammoniation of Mo 2 CT x and V 2 CT x MXenes at 600 °C, we report on their transformation to 2D metal nitrides. Carbon atoms in the precursor MXenes are replaced with N atoms, resulting from the decomposition of ammonia molecules. The crystal structures of the resulting Mo 2 N and V 2 N were determined with transmission electron microscopy and X-ray pair distribution function analysis. Our results indicate that Mo 2 N retains the MXene structure and V 2 C transforms to a mixed layered structure of trigonal V 2 N and cubic VN. Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements of the nitrides reveal that they exhibit metallic conductivity, as opposed to semiconductor-like behavior of their parent carbides. As important, room-temperature electrical conductivity values of Mo 2 N and V 2 N are three and one order of magnitude larger than those of more » the Mo 2 CT x and V 2 CT x precursors, respectively. This study shows how gas treatment synthesis such as ammoniation can transform carbide MXenes into 2D nitrides with higher electrical conductivities and metallic behavior, opening a new avenue in 2D materials synthesis. « less
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17722 to 17730
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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