We consider the decentralized control of radial distribution systems with controllable photovoltaic inverters and energy storage resources. For such systems, we investigate the problem of designing fully decentralized controllers that minimize the expected cost of balancing demand, while guaranteeing the satisfaction of individual resource and distribution system voltage constraints. Employing a linear approximation of the branch flow model, we formulate this problem as the design of a decentralized disturbance-feedback controller that minimizes the expected value of a convex quadratic cost function, subject to robust convex quadratic constraints on the system state and input. As such problems are, in general, computationally intractable, we derive a tractable inner approximation to this decentralized control problem, which enables the efficient computation of an affine control policy via the solution of a finite-dimensional conic program. As affine policies are, in general, suboptimal for the family of systems considered, we provide an efficient method to bound their suboptimality via the optimal solution of another finite-dimensional conic program. A case study of a 12 kV radial distribution system demonstrates that decentralized affine controllers can perform close to optimal.
Adaptive Dynamic Programming for Decentralized Stabilization of Uncertain Nonlinear Large-Scale Systems With Mismatched Interconnections
This paper presents a novel decentralized control strategy for a class of uncertain nonlinear large-scale systems with mismatched interconnections. First, it is shown that the decentralized controller for the overall system can be represented by an array of optimal control policies of auxiliary subsystems. Then, within the framework of adaptive dynamic programming, a simultaneous policy iteration (SPI) algorithm is developed to solve the Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equations associated with auxiliary subsystem optimal control policies. The convergence of the SPI algorithm is guaranteed by an equivalence relationship. To implement the present SPI algorithm, actor and critic neural networks are applied to approximate the optimal control policies and the optimal value functions, respectively. Meanwhile, both the least squares method and the Monte Carlo integration technique are employed to derive the unknown weight parameters. Furthermore, by using Lyapunov’s direct method, the overall system with the obtained decentralized controller is proved to be asymptotically stable. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed decentralized control scheme is illustrated via simulations for nonlinear plants and unstable power systems.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 1 to 13
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
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We consider the decentralized control of radial distribution systems with controllable photovoltaic inverters and storage devices. For such systems, we consider the problem of designing controllers that minimize the expected cost of meeting demand, while respecting distribution system and resource constraints. Employing a linear approximation of the branch flow model, we formulate this problem as the design of a decentralized disturbance-feedback controller that minimizes the expected value of a convex quadratic cost function, subject to convex quadratic constraints on the state and input. As such problems are, in general, computationally intractable, we derive an inner approximation to this decentralized control problem, which enables the efficient computation of an affine control policy via the solution of a conic program. As affine policies are, in general, suboptimal for the systems considered, we provide an efficient method to bound their suboptimality via the solution of another conic program. A case study of a 12 kV radial distribution feeder demonstrates that decentralized affine controllers can perform close to optimal.
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