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Title: Hybrid algal photosynthesis and ion-exchange (HAPIX) process for anaerobic digester centrate treatment
Algae-based wastewater treatment systems have the potential to reduce the energy cost of wastewater treatment processes by utilizing solar energy for biomass growth and nutrient removal. NH4+-N concentrations as high as 200- 300 mg/L are known to inhibit algae growth. Many research studies on the treatment of centrate after anaerobic digestion have been published recently. However, in these studies the centrate was diluted for the growth of algae due to the high NH4+-N concentrations, which are toxic to algae. Alternative solutions are necessary to treat high NH4+-N strength wastewater without addition of freshwater. Zeolites are natural hydrated aluminosilicate minerals that have been used to reduce ammonium inhibition on microorganisms due to their high affinity for ammonium ions. It is possible to use the ion-exchange (IX) capacity of zeolite to reduce the toxicity of ammonia to algae. Importantly, the zeolite, which becomes saturated with ammonium, can be reused as a slow release fertilizer. The objectives of this research were to evaluate the impact of zeolite dosage on the nutrient removal efficiency for high strength wastewater and develop mathematical models to predict the performance of hybrid IX and algae growth systems with varying doses of zeolite.
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1st IWA Conference on Algal Technologies for Wastewater Treatment
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National Science Foundation
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