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(Ed.)

Abstract How many chess rooks or queens does it take to guard all squares of a given polyomino, the union of square tiles from a square grid? This question is a version of the art gallery problem in which the guards can “see” whichever squares the rook or queen attacks. We show that $$\lfloor {\frac{n}{2}} \rfloor $$ ⌊ n 2 ⌋ rooks or $$\lfloor {\frac{n}{3}} \rfloor $$ ⌊ n 3 ⌋ queens are sufficient and sometimes necessary to guard a polyomino with n tiles. We then prove that finding the minimum number of rooks or queens needed to guard a polyomino is NP-hard. These results also apply to d -dimensional rooks and queens on d -dimensional polycubes. Finally, we use bipartite matching theorems to describe sets of non-attacking rooks on polyominoes.

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