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Title: Constitutive modeling of the cyclic loading response of low plasticity fine-grained soils
Calibrations of the PM4Silt constitutive model are presented for two low-plasticity fine-grained soils that exhibit significantly different cyclic loading be-haviors. The PM4Silt model is a stress-ratio controlled, critical state compatible, bounding surface plasticity model that was recently developed for representing low-plasticity silts and clays in geotechnical earthquake engineering applications. The low-plasticity clayey silt and silty clay examined herein were reconstituted mixtures of silica silt and kaolin with plasticity indices (PIs) of 6 and 20. Un-drained monotonic and undrained cyclic direct simple shear (DSS) tests were per-formed on normally consolidated, slurry deposited specimens. Calibration of the PM4Silt model was based on the monotonic and cyclic DSS test data, plus em-pirical relationships for strain-dependent secant shear moduli and equivalent damping ratios. The calibration process and performance of the PM4Silt constitu-tive model are described for each soil. The results illustrate that PM4Silt is capa-ble of reasonably approximating a range of monotonic and cyclic loading behav-iors important to many earthquake engineering applications and is relatively easy to calibrate.  more » « less
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Journal Name:
GSIC 2018, Proceedings of GeoShanghai 2018 International Conference: Fundamentals of Soil Behaviours, A. Zhou et al. (Eds.), Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
Page Range / eLocation ID:
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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