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Title: Copper‐Catalyzed C(sp 3 )−H Amidation: Sterically Driven Primary and Secondary C−H Site‐Selectivity
Abstract

Undirected C(sp3)−H functionalization reactions often follow site‐selectivity patterns that mirror the corresponding C−H bond dissociation energies (BDEs). This often results in the functionalization of weaker tertiary C−H bonds in the presence of stronger secondary and primary bonds. An important, contemporary challenge is the development of catalyst systems capable of selectively functionalizing stronger primary and secondary C−H bonds over tertiary and benzylic C−H sites. Herein, we report a Cu catalyst that exhibits a high degree of primary and secondary over tertiary C−H bond selectivity in the amidation of linear and cyclic hydrocarbons with aroyl azides ArC(O)N3. Mechanistic and DFT studies indicate that C−H amidation involves H‐atom abstraction from R‐H substrates by nitrene intermediates [Cu](κ2N,O‐NC(O)Ar) to provide carbon‐based radicals R.and copper(II)amide intermediates [CuII]‐NHC(O)Ar that subsequently capture radicals R.to form products R‐NHC(O)Ar. These studies reveal important catalyst features required to achieve primary and secondary C−H amidation selectivity in the absence of directing groups.

 
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Award ID(s):
1665348
NSF-PAR ID:
10085418
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Volume:
58
Issue:
11
ISSN:
1433-7851
Page Range / eLocation ID:
p. 3421-3425
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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