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Title: Clustering on Sparse Data in Non-overlapping Feature Space with Applications to Cancer Subtyping
This paper presents a new algorithm, Reinforced and Informed Network-based Clustering (RINC), for finding unknown groups of similar data objects in sparse and largely non-overlapping feature space where a network structure among features can be observed. Sparse and non-overlapping unlabeled data become increasingly common and available especially in text mining and biomedical data mining. RINC inserts a domain informed model into a modelless neural network. In particular, our approach integrates physically meaningful feature dependencies into the neural network architecture and soft computational constraint. Our learning algorithm efficiently clusters sparse data through integrated smoothing and sparse auto-encoder learning. The informed design requires fewer samples for training and at least part of the model becomes explainable. The architecture of the reinforced network layers smooths sparse data over the network dependency in the feature space. Most importantly, through back-propagation, the weights of the reinforced smoothing layers are simultaneously constrained by the remaining sparse auto-encoder layers that set the target values to be equal to the raw inputs. Empirical results demonstrate that RINC achieves improved accuracy and renders physically meaningful clustering results.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1743010
NSF-PAR ID:
10096099
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
2018 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining (ICDM)
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1079 - 1084
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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