Near Field Cosmology: Translating Galaxy Properties to Lyman-alpha and Lyman-continuum escape fractions
We present our analyses of 39 selected star-forming low- to intermediate-mass low-redshift galaxies from the KISSR survey. These galaxies were selected as being representative in the local volume of the kinds of early galaxies that might have hosted the first stars, and span a range of galaxy properties (EWHA, reddening, metallicity, stellar mass). The KISSR systems contain a population, in appearance resembling "purple peas", with potentially steep UV slopes and high equivalent widths in H-alpha. Using archival GALEX data and theoretical models of radiation transport in dusty galaxies with clumpy gas media, we translate measurements of the UV slopes of these low-mass low-z KISSR galaxies to their escape fractions in Ly-alpha (LyA) and Ly-continuum (LyC) radiation, confirming a relationship between a galaxy's steep UV spectral slope and a significant (> 0.1) LyA escape fraction. This relationship is seen in existing data of low- to intermediate-mass galaxies in the local volume (please see accompanying poster by Pilon et al. at this meeting). We also translate measured LyA escape fractions in the literature for 14 LARS galaxies and a few dozen green pea galaxies to their LyC escape fractions using similar modeling. This work was supported by the University of San Francisco more »
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NSF-PAR ID:
10097662
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American Astronomical Society, AAS Meeting
Volume:
233
Page Range or eLocation-ID:
383.05
4. ABSTRACT We measure the Lyman continuum (LyC) escape fraction in 54 faint Lyman-alpha emitters (LAEs) at $z$ ≃ 3.1 in the GOODS-South field. With the average magnitude of R = 26.7 AB (MUV = −18.8 and L ≃ 0.1L*), these galaxies represent a population of compact young dwarf galaxies. Their properties are likely to resemble those in the galaxies responsible for reionizing the Universe at $z$ > 6. We do not detect LyC emission in any individual LAEs in the deep HST F336W images, which covers the rest-frame 820 Å. We do not detect the LyC emission of these LAEs in the stacked F336W images either. The 3σ upper limit of LyC escape fractions is $f_{\rm esc}\lt 14\!-\!32{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$. However, the high Ly α rest-frame equivalent width (EW), low stellar mass, and UV luminosity of these LAEs suggest that they should have $f_{\rm esc}\gt 50{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$. The low LyC escape fraction from this work and other stacking analyses suggests that the LyC-leaking galaxies with $f_{\rm esc}\gt 50{{\ \rm per\ cent}}$ at $z$ = 2–3 do not follow the relation between fesc and UV luminosity and Ly α EW derived from typical galaxies at similar redshifts. Therefore, the UV luminositymore »
We report the discovery of a double-peaked Lyman-α (Ly α) emitter (LAE) at z = 3.2177 ± 0.0001 in VLT/MUSE data. The galaxy is strongly lensed by the galaxy cluster RXC J0018.5+1626 recently observed in the RELICS survey, and the double-peaked Ly α emission is clearly detected in the two counter images in the MUSE field of view. We measure a relatively high Ly α rest-frame equivalent width (EW) of EWLy α, 0 = (63 ± 2) Å. Additional spectroscopy with Gemini/GNIRS in the near-infrared (NIR) allows us to measure the H β, [O iii] λ4959 Å, and [O iii] λ5007 Å emission lines, which show moderate rest-frame EWs of the order of a few ∼10–100 Å, an [O iii] λ5007 Å/H β ratio of 4.8 ± 0.7, and a lower limit on the [O iii]/[O ii] ratio of >9.3. The galaxy has very blue UV-continuum slopes of βFUV = −2.23 ± 0.06 and βNUV = −3.0 ± 0.2, and is magnified by factors μ ∼ 7–10 in each of the two images, thus enabling a view into a low-mass ($M_{\star }\simeq 10^{7.5}\, \mathrm{M}_{\odot }$) high-redshift galaxy analogue. Notably, the blue peak of the Ly α profile is significantly stronger than the red peak, which suggests an inflow of matter and possibly very low H i column densities in its circumgalactic gas. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first detection of suchmore »