Encasing an OLED between two planar metallic electrodes creates a Fabry–Pérot microcavity, resulting in significant narrowing of the emission bandwidth. The emission from such microcavity OLEDs depends on the overlap of the resonant cavity modes and the comparatively broadband electroluminescence spectrum of the organic molecular emitter. Varying the thickness of the microcavity changes the mode structure, resulting in a controlled change in the peak emission wavelength. Employing a silicon wafer substrate with high thermal conductivity to dissipate excess heat in thicker cavities allows cavity thicknesses from 100 to 350 nm to be driven at high current densities. Three resonant modes, the fundamental and first two higher harmonics, are characterized, resulting in tunable emission peaks throughout the visible range with increasingly narrow bandwidth in the higher modes. Angle resolved electroluminescence spectroscopy reveals the outcoupling of the TE and TM waveguide modes which blue-shift with respect to the normal emission at higher angles. Simultaneous stimulation of two resonant modes can produce dual peaks in the violet and red, resulting in purple emission. These microcavity-based OLEDs employ a single green molecular emitter and can be tuned to span the entire color gamut, including both the monochromatic visible range and the purple line.
- Award ID(s):
- Publication Date:
- NSF-PAR ID:
- Journal Name:
- 18th Advanced Accelerator Concepts Workshop (AAC 2018)
- Page Range or eLocation-ID:
- 1 to 5
- Sponsoring Org:
- National Science Foundation
More Like this
Abstract Due to the highly nonlinear nature of the beam-loading, it is currently not possible to analytically determine the beam parameters needed in a two-bunch plasma wakefield accelerator for maintaining a low energy spread. Therefore in this paper, by using the Broyden–Fletcher–Goldfarb–Shanno algorithm for the parameter scanning with the code QuickPIC and the polynomial regression together with k -fold cross-validation method, we obtain two fitting formulas for calculating the parameters of tri-Gaussian electron beams when minimizing the energy spread based on the beam-loading effect in a nonlinear plasma wakefield accelerator. One formula allows the optimization of the normalized charge per unit length of a trailing beam to achieve the minimal energy spread, i.e. the optimal beam-loading. The other one directly gives the transformer ratio when the trailing beam achieves the optimal beam-loading. A simple scaling law for charges of drive beams and trailing beams is obtained from the fitting formula, which indicates that the optimal beam-loading is always achieved for a given charge ratio of the two beams when the length and separation of two beams and the plasma density are fixed. The formulas can also help obtain the optimal plasma densities for the maximum accelerated charge and the maximummore »
CAVITY-BASED FREE-ELECTRON LASER RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: A JOINT ARGONNE NATIONAL LABORATORY AND SLAC NATIONAL LABORATORY COLLABORATIONOne solution for producing longitudinally coherent FEL pulses is to store and recirculate the output of an amplifier in an X-ray cavity so that the X-ray pulse can interact with following fresh electron bunches over many passes. The X-ray FEL oscillator (XFELO) and the X-ray regenerative amplifier FEL (XRAFEL) concepts use this technique and rely on the same fundamental ingredients to realize their full capability. Both schemes require a high repetition rate electron beam, an undulator to provide FEL gain, and an X- ray cavity to recirculate and monochromatize the radiation. The shared infrastructure, complementary performance char- acteristics, and potentially transformative FEL properties of the XFELO and XRAFEL have brought together a joint Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and SLAC National Laboratory (SLAC) collaboration aimed at enabling these schemes at LCLS-II. We present plans to install a rectangu- lar X-ray cavity in the LCLS-II undulator hall and perform experiments employing 2-bunch copper RF linac accelerated electron beams. This includes performing cavity ring-down measurements and 2-pass gain measurements for both the low-gain XFELO and the high-gain XRAFEL schemes.
In the field of beam physics, two frontier topics have taken center stage due to their potential to enable new approaches to discovery in a wide swath of science. These areas are: advanced, high gradient acceleration techniques, and x-ray free electron lasers (XFELs). Further, there is intense interest in the marriage of these two fields, with the goal of producing a very compact XFEL. In this context, recent advances in high gradient radio-frequency cryogenic copper structure research have opened the door to the use of surface electric fields between 250 and 500 MV m−1. Such an approach is foreseen to enable a new generation of photoinjectors with six-dimensional beam brightness beyond the current state-of-the-art by well over an order of magnitude. This advance is an essential ingredient enabling an ultra-compact XFEL (UC-XFEL). In addition, one may accelerate these bright beams to GeV scale in less than 10 m. Such an injector, when combined with inverse free electron laser-based bunching techniques can produce multi-kA beams with unprecedented beam quality, quantified by 50 nm-rad normalized emittances. The emittance, we note, is the effective area in transverse phase space (
x, p x/ me c) or ( y, p y/ me c) occupied by the beam distribution, and it is relevant tomore »
Collective Vibrational Strong Coupling Effects on Molecular Vibrational Relaxation and Energy Transfer: Numerical Insights via Cavity Molecular Dynamics SimulationsWe use classical cavity molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the effect of optical cavity environment on vibrational energy transfer and relaxation. For a small fraction of vibrationally hot CO2 molecules immersed in a liquid-phase CO2 thermal bath, in a cavity that supports a cavity mode in resonance with the CO asymmetric stretch vibration, forming collective vibrational strong coupling (VSC) and a cavity mode accelerates hot molecule relaxation. This acceleration stems from the fact that polaritons can be transiently excited during the nonequilibrium process, which facilitates intermolecular vibrational energy transfer. The VSC effects on these rates (i) resonantly depend on the cavity mode detuning, (ii) cooperatively depend on Rabi splitting, and (iii) collectively scale with the number of hot molecules. This behavior weakens with increasing cavity size (at constant molecular density), that is, constant Rabi splitting) but remains meaningful up to cavities containing 10^4 molecules