In computer vision, tracking humans across camera views remains challenging, especially for complex scenarios with frequent occlusions, significant lighting changes and other difficulties. Under such conditions, most existing appearance and geometric cues are not reliable enough to distinguish humans across camera views. To address these challenges, this paper presents a stochastic attribute grammar model for leveraging complementary and discriminative human attributes for enhancing cross-view tracking. The key idea of our method is to introduce a hierarchical representation, parse graph, to describe a subject and its movement trajectory in both space and time domains. This results in a hierarchical compositional representation, comprising trajectory entities of varying level, including human boxes, 3D human boxes, tracklets and trajectories. We use a set of grammar rules to decompose a graph node (e.g. tracklet) into a set of children nodes (e.g. 3D human boxes), and augment each node with a set of attributes, including geometry (e.g., moving speed, direction), accessories (e.g., bags), and/or activities (e.g., walking, running). These attributes serve as valuable cues, in addition to appearance features (e.g., colors), in determining the associations of human detection boxes across cameras. In particular, the attributes of a parent node are inherited by its children nodes, resultingmore »
Learning Correspondence from the Cycle-Consistency of Time
We introduce a self-supervised method for learning visual correspondence from unlabeled video. The main idea is to use cycle-consistency in time as free supervisory signal for learning visual representations from scratch. At training time, our model optimizes a spatial feature representation to be useful for performing cycle-consistent tracking. At test time, we use the acquired representation to find nearest neighbors across space and time. We demonstrate the generalizability of the representation across a range of visual correspondence tasks, including video object segmentation, keypoint tracking, and optical flow. Our approach outperforms previous self-supervised methods and performs competitively with strongly supervised methods. Overall, we find that the learned representation generalizes surprisingly well, despite being trained only on indoor videos and without fine-tuning.
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