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Title: OFDM Pilot-Based Radar for Joint Vehicular Communication and Radar Systems
With the large-scale deployment of connected and autonomous vehicles, the demand on wireless communication spectrum increases rapidly in vehicular networks. Due to increased demand, the allocated spectrum at the 5.9 GHz band for vehicular communication cannot be used efficiently for larger payloads to improve cooperative sensing, safety, and mobility. To achieve higher data rates, the millimeter-wave (mmWave) automotive radar spectrum at 76-81 GHz band can be exploited for communication. However, instead of employing spectral isolation or interference mitigation schemes between communication and radar, we design a joint system for vehicles to perform both functions using the same waveform. In this paper, we propose radar processing methods that use pilots in the orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) waveform. While the radar receiver exploits pilots for sensing, the communication receiver can leverage pilots to estimate the time-varying channel. The simulation results show that proposed radar processing can be efficiently implemented and meet the automotive radar requirements. We also present joint system design problems to find optimal resource allocation between data and pilot subcarriers based on radar estimation accuracy and effective channel capacity.
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2018 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC)
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1 to 8
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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